APRIL IS PREVENT CHILD ABUSE MONTH. CHILD AND YOUTH ATHLETE ABUSE MIGHT BE THE LARGEST SUBGROUP

Teachers, Coaches and Supervisors of Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) Amateur Athletes appear to be the only teaching, coaching and supervision professions where conducting practices and games in dangerous environments and yelling, screaming, shaking a fist, wagging a crooked finger, threatening, crossing the line, excessively punishing, punching and sometimes seriously injuring Amateur Athletes are accepted as conducive-to and acceptable-for learning how to play the SRE activities.

Screaming at a student during a math examination, while cart wheeling on a parallel bar or shooting free throws seems counterproductive, as well as negative, when in preparation and leading up to a test or a SRE event. It is difficult to imagine a teacher conducting class applying those tactics.

Rank amateur motivation of Athletes with layers of external imposed Child and Youth Athlete Abuse Syndrome (CAAS) suffering, triggers an Antagonist Task Negative, Default Mode Brain Neuro-Networks. If Athletes ‘buy in to’ the ‘system’ the negative teaching, coaching and supervising will certainly leave negative impressions, distrust, negative attitudes and Athletes, who finally tune-out and ignore the maltreaters. Often student Athletes have no choice. If they want to participate they are stuck. Growth and development should not be in totalitarian, commando, adaptation and survival modes and not in win-at-all-costs environments.

It seems, in some situations, developing a lifetime of physical injury, disability, PTSD, mistrust and heartache an odd way to teach a subject and mentor a Child or Youth Athlete.

In most circles, when Humans, who know better, do better, blatant sadomasochism is  considered abnormal and pathological behavior, teaching and treatment of others. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), without treatment, is an indelibly tragic ‘trophy’, not to mention post-concussion depression, crippled limbs, premature death and other indelible ‘rewards’.

As it turns out, many critics say those, who seriously suffered during their SRE learning experiences, recommend similar education. That may be, because they received a rare trophy or reward in the mix and they, themselves, didn’t know any difference.

Physicians explain that Teachers, Coaches and Supervisors of SRE Amateur Athletes, who have suffered abnormal and pathological treatment and abuse, whether they received a real trophy or not, will treat others abnormally and pathologically. “The abused, abuse.” Their unfortunate situations were probably conditions in which they had to adapt, survive and live.

Hard work, dedication and sacrifice are the keys to success, Repeated Positive stimulation of the Protagonist or Agonist, Task Positive Mental Network, drives Fixed Superior Mindfulness and Muscle Memory of Athletes, who are then able to gather total concentration from the cerebrum top of their Brain all the way down into brain reflexiveness and then hyper-focus, perceive, guide, aim, coordinate, run and execute.

The underbellies of SRE are Abnormal Coaches, Teachers, Doctors, Supervisors and others, with pathological behaviors, who have been or will be involved directly or indirectly, causing or allowing to be caused, causing serious injuries to SRE participants.

Heretofore, Sexual Maltreatments of SRE participants I.e. USA Olympics, Michigan State and Penn State and others have been the primary category of Children and Youth SRE maltreatments prosecuted. But in 2008 a Louisville High Coach was charged and tried for the death of a high football athlete. The Coach was acquitted because case was the first ever of its kind.

At that time, Sexual SRE Amateur Athlete Abuse was on top of the Mind of the legal community, but Physical and Psychological Maltreatment and Negligent Coaching were just underbellies. SRE and their Teachers, Coaches and Supervisors we’re considered nations unto their own, imperviousness to outside interference by law enforcement, immune and above the law.

Times have changed since Louisville 10 years ago and more resent USA Olympics, Michigan State and Penn State and other tragedies. CAAS is more than an underbelly now. CAAS is better understood by the public, SRE community, law enforcement, judges and attorneys. Everyone should be concerned about the unlawful consequences of CAAS. No one is immune. Athlete Safety 1st and the duty of care for Child and Youth Amateur Athletes are the best and lawful policies.

“In 2016, there were nearly 74 million children younger than age 18 in the United States, accounting for 23 % of the total U.S. population.The number of children is projected to continue to increase to 80 million in 2050.” [U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Estimates and Projections.
http://www.census.gov/popest/index.html. Child Trends]

~60% U.S. children younger than age 18 played one School or Non-School Amateur Sport 2010. [Marianne Engle, Ph.D., sports psychologist and Clinical Assistant Professor at the NYU Child Study Center, interview, 2010]
∴ ~44.4 million children younger than age 18 played one School or Non-School Amateur Sport in 2016.

~3.5+ million children sustain sports related injuries and ~8,000 children are treated in emergency rooms each day for sports-related injuries.2[2. Wier L, Miller A, Steiner C. Sports injuries in children requiring hospital emergency care, Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2009. HCUP Statistical Brief 75.

50% of 3.5 million [CDC] or ~1.75 million Sports, Recreation and Exeercise (SRE) injuries are not-accidental and preventable. Most probably these injuries are caused or allowed to be caused and often negligent supervision and are categorized as Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome (CAAS).

The following are the best estimates this reporter could manage, due to available data. None of the statistics are yearly equivalent and investiged differently. These are the best apples and oranges available. In 2014, state Child Abuse agencies found an estimated ~702,000 victims of child abuse and maltreatment. At 50% of 3.5 million [CDC] or ~1.75 million SRE victims’ injuries is the largest subgroup of Child and Youth maltreatment and abuse and urgently needs special attention and reduction. Preventable Serious SRE injuries are not building good Child and Youth character, they are building lifetimes of pain, heartache, misery and disability.

Seems reasonable, a Coach’s conscious and Soul would be horrifically disturbed and the latter also judged, if someone they Coached, taught or supervised followed in that Coach’s footsteps and became verbally, psychologically, physically and / or sexually abusive, and their bad behavior resulted in serious illness, injury, rape of an intimate or others, and / or resulted in death of a child or adult. Please see: CHILD ATHLETE ABUSE SYNDROME FORENSIC DEFINITION link: http://www.cappaa.com/child-athlete-abuse-syndrome-forensic-definition-4

The seriously abused Athlete, without therapy, will most probably manifest a lifetime of PTSD, a relentless syndrome [Please see the book, ‘The Thin Thirty’ 2007 by Shannon Ragland, Set Shot Pres, a University of Kentucky football tragedy].

And the seriously abused Athlete will most probably, with psychological and medical certainty, abuse others. [The Cycle of Sexual Abuse and Abusive Adult Relationships, 10 Reasons Sexually Abused Children Grow Up to Have Abusive Relationships, by Elizabeth Hartney, PhD. October 28, 2017, the Very Well Mind]

The U.S. needs our Coaches. There is always time, before a grief-stricken tragedy, for an Abusive Coach to apologize, seek therapy and change their ways. That’s the aim of Athlete Safety 1st advocates. The majority of Coaches are respectable, ethical mentors. But, as in every profession i.e. politics, medicine, law, clergy etc. ‘a few bad apples spoil the whole barrel’. As Benjamin Franklin stated, “the rotten apple spoils his companion.” Athlete Safety 1st Advocates are thankful for our dedicated, conscientious Athlete Safety 1st Coaches. This research reporter has participated in sports when supervised by both the good and bad Coaches and knows first hand the difference.

Please see: PATHOLOGICAL IMPACT OF BRADSHAW COACHING ON THE 1961 UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY FOOTBALL CLASS And “A Longitudinal and Retrospective Study of The Impact of Coaching Behaviors on the 1961-1962 University of Kentucky Football Wildcats”, Kay Collier McLaughlin, Ph.D., Micheal B. Minix Sr. M.D., Twila Minix, R.N., Jim Overman, Scott Brogdon. http://www.cappaa.com/1962-university-of-kentucky-football-athlete-abuse-survey.

“Sports are not nations unto their own.” Sports, Coaches and their schools and associations “are not above the law”; not impervious to local law enforcement intervention following reported abuse. [CNN’s State of the Union interview Former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice with hostess Candy Crowley, CNN chief political correspondent Candy Crowley spoke with former] 

Recent Olympic and Penn State despicable events bear witness; as will the social behavioral history of a Coach’s past Athletes, should a thorough investigation be recommended and ensue. The Penn State tragedy further revealed that Coaches and Sports are not only not above the law, attempted cover-ups are even extremely criminal.

Coaches who have recently been documented during highly publicized sports events shaking their fists, pointing and wagging their fingers and exploding and yelling reprimands are examples of malbehavior.

Children and youth don’t relinquish their human rights when they are at home, school, when they step on the gym floor, football field, parallel bars or participate in any other sport or activity.

When Child and Youth Athletes make mistakes, misbehave and miss assignments they need appropriate discipline and corrections,  but not physical and verbal abuse causing or allowing to be caused serious preventable, not accidental injuries and deaths. Child and Youth Athletes should never be sexually violated by Coaches.

Children and youth who have been repeatedly verbally, psychologically, physically and /or sexually (VPPS) abused in any venue learn to VPPS abuse and ‘date-rape’ others [Please See Athlete Verbal and Emotional Abuse:  http://www.cappaa.com/athlete-verbal-and-emotional-abuse]  [Please see child and Adult Athlete Abuse Syndrome, Forensic Definition: http://www.cappaa.com/child-athlete-abuse-syndrome-forensic-definition-4]

Sport and other activities builds good character when children and youth are parented, coached and supervised by good, ethical, civilized characters

Children and youth at home, school and in sports of exemplary or abusive parents, coaches, other supervisors and caretakers will be exemplary or abusive

  • In 2016, 73.6 million people (23%) of U.S. population were children <18. 
  • 45 million (14%) of U.S. population were between 10 and 19.
  • Children and youth will be our parents, teachers, ministers, coaches and supervisors of additional children and youth.
  • 100% of our children and youth will be the future of our U.S.

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) are so concerned about the malbehavior of SRE Coaches a new ICD-10 Diagnostic Code, YO7.53, identifies Coaches as a perpetrators of serious morbidity and mortality, (injuries, illnesses and deaths) of Athletes they coached and caused or allowed to be caused.  [Y07.53 ICD-10 DIAGNOSTIC CODE FOR COACH PERPETRATOR OF CHILD AND ADULT ATHLETE ABUSE http://www.cappaa.com/yo7-53-icd-10-code-for-coach-perpetrator-child-and-adult-athlete-abuse]

ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. ICD-10 replaces ICD-9 and is effective Oct.1, 2015. International means worldwide, of course.
•IDC-10 codes contain critical information about epidemiology, health management, and treatment of all conditions.
• Health care professionals use ICD codes to record and identify health conditions following examinations.
• Public health workers, legal officials and researchers can use the records and reports of ICD-10 codes to find statistical trends in health, track the causes and outcomes of morbidity (disease) and causes of mortality (death) and statistical and data mining.
• Insurers use ICD codes to classify conditions and determine reimbursement.
• Transitioning to ICD-10 is required by anyone covered by the Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act (HIPAA)—this includes doctors, hospitals and health insurance companies, all of whom rely on these codes for diagnosing patients and billing for services.

• Direct written reports by all Doctors and Health Care Personnel about Child and Adult Athlete Abuse Syndrome, in follow-up to telephone reports to CPS, DCBS, County Attorneys, should include ICD-10 codes for the diagnoses, treatments and perpetrators.
• All Doctors and Health Care Personnel are mandated reporters for all forms of Abuse by federal and state laws.Mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect has its origins in the United States, where model statutes for laws designed to introduce this process were first drafted in the early 1960s (Kalichman, 1999; Mathews and Kenny, 2008).

Indeed, all states either designate specific professions whose members are mandated by law to report child abuse and neglect or have a universal mandate requiring all citizens to report child abuse and neglect.

Individuals designated as mandatory reporters vary across states, and include but are not necessarily limited to social workers, teachers and other school personnel, physicians and other health care workers, mental health professionals, child care providers, medical examiners, and law enforcement personnel (CWIG, 2012b).

Other professionals specified as mandated reporters in selected states include clergy, court-appointed special advocates (CASAs), animal control officers, domestic violence workers, substance abuse counselors, video and film processors, and most recently sports coaches and other adults in youth athletic programs, a significant improvement.

“A new science of child abuse and neglect has been launched, yielding findings that delineate a serious public health problem. Millions of children are involved in reports to child protective services, and many more cases go undetected.”

 “ Important findings on the consequences of child abuse and neglect reveal the problem is not confined to children and childhood; rather, the effects of child abuse and neglect cascade throughout the life course, with costly consequences for individuals, families, and society.”

These effects are seen in all aspects of human functioning, including physical and mental health, and in important arenas such as education, work, and social relationships. Addressing this public health problem will require an immediate, coordinated research response that is grounded in the complex environments and systems within which child abuse and neglect occurs and that has high-level federal support.”

Now formally, including child and youth Athletes, sports, coaches and other adults in youth athletic programs have a significant densely populated group of children and youth who have gone unreported and “undetected” primarily because systems in crisis have neglected their inclusion as unlawful.

SYSTEMS IN CRISIS FORM THE SURGEON GENERAL

[Surgeon General’s Workshop on Making Prevention of Child Maltreatment a National Priority: Implementing Innovations of a Public Health Approach, Surgeon General’s Workshop Proceedings, Lister Hill Auditorium, National Institutes of Health. Bethesda, Maryland. March 30–31, 2005. United States Department of Health and Human Services. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Office of the Surgeon General]

SURGEON GENERAL 2005 DECLARED CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION NATIONAL PRIORITY FOR ALL TYPES AND VENUES OF CHILD ABUSE

• In Every Venue, Included Coach Offenders
• SG Recommended a Prevention Method: The Implementation of Public Health Innovations

NOWADAYS, WHY DOES the U.S. HAVE ATHLETE INJURY CRISIS DURING SPORTS PARTICIPATION?

BECAUSE PEOPLE and SYSTEMS ARE NOT DOING THEIR JOB and DUTY FOR CHILD / YOUTH ATHLETE PROTECTION,

SYSTEMS IN CRISIS THAT ARE NOT DOING THEIR DUTY TO PREVENT CRUELTY TO CHILD ATHLETES

• Failure Doctor Reporting
• Criminal Justice System – Failure Enforcement of Child Protective Laws for Athletes
• Public Health
• Social and Child Welfare Services
• Education / Awareness services
• Failure of Doctors To increase Awareness and Education about CAAS
• Failure of Doctors To Intervene: When Coaches Exercise and Punish Athletes Beyond Physical and Emotional Limitations
• Substandard Sports Medicine: Some Sports Medicine Doctors Have Sold Their Souls To Coaches. They Don’t Take Helmets, Sneakers rather allow Athletes to participate in sports while injured
• Failure Coach Education by High School and University Athletic Associations Concerning Child and Youth Athlete Protection Law
• Coaches and others were targeted as potential Abusers and Perpetrators by SG
• Lack of Attorney Standards of Practice and Guidelines in Child Protection Proceedings [NATIONAL ASSOCIATION of COUNSEL for CHILDREN / NACC and AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION / ABA]

 [IOM (Institute of Medicine) and NRC (National Research Council). 2014. New directions in child abuse and neglect research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.]
• Including the Coach Perpetrator Code Y07.53 to the newly revised ICD-10 codes makes the legal relationship of the Coach to the Athlete “crystal clear” for all the entities in crisis, who have ignored Sports, abandoned Coaches and everyone involuntarily ignorant, who formerly believed “sports were nations unto their own, without outside interference by the justice system”[Condoleezza Rice], heretofore addressed by the U.S. Surgeon General 2005.
• Legally, the Coach is a “temporary substitute caregiver” to Child Athletes as defined by the ICD-10 codes who are included in the newly revised abuse codes and has responsibility the duty of care for youth and adult college and university Athletes, [Knapp vs Northwestern]

Examples:
Diagnosis: Child Sexual Abuse: ICD-10 Diagnostic Code = T74.22XA
Add the Coach modifier code: ICD-10 Coach Perpetrator Code = Y07.53

Diagnosis: Child physical abuse, confirmed, initial encounter = T74.12XA
Add the Coach modifier code: ICD-10 Coach Perpetrator Code = Y07.53

Diagnosis: Heat exhaustion, anhydrotic, water deprivation initial encounter = Code T67.3XXA. Add the Coach modifier code: ICD-10 Coach Perpetrator Code = Y07.53

April is Prevent Child and Youth Abuse Month. The Prevention of Child and Youth Athlete Abuse, a newly recognized subpopulation of Child and Youth Athlete Abuse, are included.

Seems reasonable, a Coach’s conscious and Soul would be horrifically disturbed and the latter also judged, if someone they Coached, taught or supervised followed in that Coach’s footsteps and became verbally, psychologically, physically and / or sexually abusive, and their bad behavior resulted in serious illness, injury, rape of an intimate or others, and / or resulted in death of a child or adult.

The seriously abused Athlete, without therapy, will most probably manifest a lifetime of PTSD, a relentless syndrome [Please see the book, ‘The Thin Thirty’ 2007 by Shannon Ragland, Set Shot Pres, a University of Kentucky football tragedy].

And the seriously abused Athlete will most probably, with psychological and medical certainty, abuse others. [The Cycle of Sexual Abuse and Abusive Adult Relationships, 10 Reasons Sexually Abused Children Grow Up to Have Abusive Relationships, by Elizabeth Hartney, PhD. October 28, 2017, the Very Well Mind]

The U.S. needs our Coaches. There is always time, before a grief-stricken tragedy, for an Abusive Coach to apologize, seek therapy and change their ways. That’s the aim of Athlete Safety 1st advocates. The majority of Coaches are respectable, ethical mentors. But, as in every profession i.e. politics, medicine, law, clergy etc. ‘a few bad apples spoil the whole barrel’. As Benjamin Franklin stated, “the rotten apple spoils his companion.” Athlete Safety 1st Advocates are thankful for our dedicated, conscientious Athlete Safety 1st Coaches. This research has participated when supervised the good and bad and knows first hand the difference.

“Sports are not nations unto their own.” Sports, Coaches and their schools and associations “are not above the law”; not impervious to local law enforcement intervention following reported abuse. [CNN’s State of the Union interview Former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice with hostess Candy Crowley, CNN chief political correspondent Candy Crowley spoke with former] 

Recent Olympic and Penn State despicable events bear witness; as will the social behavioral history of a Coach’s past Athletes, should a thorough investigation be recommended and ensue. The Penn State tragedy further revealed that Coaches and Sports are not only not above the law, attempted cover-ups are even extremely criminal.

Coaches who have recently been documented during highly publicized sports events shaking their fists, pointing and wagging their fingers and exploding and yelling reprimands are examples of malbehavior.

Children and youth don’t relinquish their human rights when they are at home, school, when they step on the gym floor, football field, parallel bars or participate in any other sport or activity.

When Child and Youth Athletes make mistakes, misbehave and miss assignments they need appropriate discipline and corrections,  but not physical and verbal abuse causing or allowing to be caused serious preventable, not accidental injuries and deaths. Child and Youth Athletes should never be sexually violated by Coaches.

Children and youth who have been repeatedly verbally, psychologically, physically and /or sexually (VPPS) abused in any venue learn to VPPS abuse and ‘date-rape’ others [Please See Athlete Verbal and Emotional Abuse:  http://www.cappaa.com/athlete-verbal-and-emotional-abuse]  [Please see child and Adult Athlete Abuse Syndrome, Forensic Definition: http://www.cappaa.com/child-athlete-abuse-syndrome-forensic-definition-4]

Sport and other activities builds good character when children and youth are parented, coached and supervised by good, ethical, civilized characters

Children and youth at home, school and in sports of exemplary or abusive parents, coaches, other supervisors and caretakers will be exemplary or abusive

  • In 2016, 73.6 million people (23%) of U.S. population were children <18. 
  • 45 million (14%) of U.S. population were between 10 and 19.
  • Children and youth will be our parents, teachers, ministers, coaches and supervisors of additional children and youth.
  • 100% of our children and youth will be the future of our U.S.

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) are so concerned about the malbehavior of SRE Coaches a new ICD-10 Diagnostic Code, YO7.53, identifies Coaches as a perpetrators of serious morbidity and mortality, (injuries, illnesses and deaths) of Athletes they coached and caused or allowed to be caused.  [Y07.53 ICD-10 DIAGNOSTIC CODE FOR COACH PERPETRATOR OF CHILD AND ADULT ATHLETE ABUSE http://www.cappaa.com/yo7-53-icd-10-code-for-coach-perpetrator-child-and-adult-athlete-abuse]

ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. ICD-10 replaces ICD-9 and is effective Oct.1, 2015. International means worldwide, of course.
•IDC-10 codes contain critical information about epidemiology, health management, and treatment of all conditions.
• Health care professionals use ICD codes to record and identify health conditions following examinations.
• Public health workers, legal officials and researchers can use the records and reports of ICD-10 codes to find statistical trends in health, track the causes and outcomes of morbidity (disease) and causes of mortality (death) and statistical and data mining.
• Insurers use ICD codes to classify conditions and determine reimbursement.
• Transitioning to ICD-10 is required by anyone covered by the Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act (HIPAA)—this includes doctors, hospitals and health insurance companies, all of whom rely on these codes for diagnosing patients and billing for services.

• Direct written reports by all Doctors and Health Care Personnel about Child and Adult Athlete Abuse Syndrome, in follow-up to telephone reports to CPS, DCBS, County Attorneys, should include ICD-10 codes for the diagnoses, treatments and perpetrators.
• All Doctors and Health Care Personnel are mandated reporters for all forms of Abuse by federal and state laws.

  • Mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect has its origins in the United States, where model statutes for laws designed to introduce this process were first drafted in the early 1960s (Kalichman, 1999; Mathews and Kenny, 2008).
  • Indeed, all states either designate specific professions whose members are mandated by law to report child abuse and neglect or have a universal mandate requiring all citizens to report child abuse and neglect.
  • Individuals designated as mandatory reporters vary across states, and include but are not necessarily limited to social workers, teachers and other school personnel, physicians and other health care workers, mental health professionals, child care providers, medical examiners, and law enforcement personnel (CWIG, 2012b).
  • Other professionals specified as mandated reporters in selected states include clergy, court-appointed special advocates (CASAs), animal control officers, domestic violence workers, substance abuse counselors, video and film processors, and most recently sports coaches and other adults in youth athletic programs, a significant improvement.
  • “A new science of child abuse and neglect has been launched, yielding findings that delineate a serious public health problem. Millions of children are involved in reports to child protective services, and many more cases go undetected.”
  •  “ Important findings on the consequences of child abuse and neglect reveal the problem is not confined to children and childhood; rather, the effects of child abuse and neglect cascade throughout the life course, with costly consequences for individuals, families, and society.”
  • These effects are seen in all aspects of human functioning, including physical and mental health, and in important arenas such as education, work, and social relationships. Addressing this public health problem will require an immediate, coordinated research response that is grounded in the complex environments and systems within which child abuse and neglect occurs and that has high-level federal support.”
  •  [IOM (Institute of Medicine) and NRC (National Research Council). 2014. New directions in child abuse and neglect research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.]
    • Including the Coach Perpetrator Code Y07.53 to the newly revised ICD-10 codes makes the legal relationship of the Coach to the Athlete “crystal clear” for all the entities in crisis, who have ignored Sports, abandoned Coaches and everyone involuntarily ignorant, who formerly believed “sports were nations unto their own, without outside interference by the justice system”[Condoleezza Rice], heretofore addressed by the U.S. Surgeon General 2005.
    • Legally, the Coach is a “temporary substitute caregiver” to Child Athletes as defined by the ICD-10 codes who are included in the newly revised abuse codes and has responsibility the duty of care for youth and adult college and university Athletes, [Knapp vs Northwestern]

Examples:
Diagnosis: Child Sexual Abuse: ICD-10 Diagnostic Code = T74.22XA
Add the Coach modifier code: ICD-10 Coach Perpetrator Code = Y07.53

Diagnosis: Child physical abuse, confirmed, initial encounter = T74.12XA
Add the Coach modifier code: ICD-10 Coach Perpetrator Code = Y07.53

Diagnosis: Heat exhaustion, anhydrotic, water deprivation initial encounter = Code T67.3XXA. Add the Coach modifier code: ICD-10 Coach Perpetrator Code = Y07.53

April is Prevent Child and Youth Abuse Month. The Prevention of Child and Youth Athlete Abuse, a newly recognized subpopulation of Child and Youth Athlete Abuse, are included.

Children and Youth Athletes look -up-to and admire their Coaches. Hopefully, their Coaches will show them the light, not punish them to dwell in the abusive darkness of PTSD.

Sport, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) Coaches have an important Duty of Care for their Athletes: Mentoring Child and Youth Athletes’ Psychological Mind, Spiritual Soul, and Physical Body.Children and Youth Athletes look -up-to and admire their Coaches. Hopefully, their Coaches will show them the light, not punish them to dwell in the abusive darkness of PTSD.

Sport, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) Coaches have an important Duty of Care for their Athletes: Mentoring Child and Youth Athletes’ Psychological Mind, Spiritual Soul, and Physical Body.

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