THE CHILD / YOUTH ATHLETE ABUSE AWARENESS ADVOCACY BEGAN BY DR MINIX, Sr., in 2007 WAS FINALLY ADDRESSED BY AUTHORITIES IN 2015

The 5 main objectives for the definition of Child and Youth Athlete Abuse Syndrome (CAAS), other associated definitions and my advocacy for Child and Youth Athlete Safety 1st are:
1. Prevent abuse and cruelty to Child and Youth Athletes, who Participate in Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE)
2. Promote Athlete Safety 1st
3. Prevent criminal and civil Risks for “Problematic Coaches” who don’t know about the legal relationship they have with Children who participate in SRE
4. Define the circumstances creating or causing CAAS, so that everyone concerned
a. completely understands the legal coach-athlete relationship and repercussions and risks, when the relationship is violated,
b. for everyone’s protection and safety
c. and everyone concerned is on the same page, see it the same way and are talking about the same thing.
5. These objectives are to be accomplished by utilizing Education, Teaching, Scholarship, Research, Advocacy and Legislation.

Coaches are “problematic Child and Youth Athlete caretakers” for many reasons and will continue physically and psychologically maltreating and abusing athletes
• as long as Coaches are not educated by their superiors and administrators about their legal relationship with child and youth Athletes
• and/or Coaches believe they are promoting “mental toughness” and cross the line pushing and punishing Child/Youth Athletes beyond physical + mental limits
• believe abusive techniques are ok with the parents, guardians, establishment and athletic community in so called “Socially Approved Athletic Child Abuse” [ 3.]
• themselves had ACE, Adverse Childhood Experiences
• are physically, mentally sadistic
• don’t believe they will ever get caught
• And for Coach Offender of Child/Youth Athlete Sexual Abuse: “There really isn’t a typical sex offender.” Sex offenders are a diverse group of individuals who may in fact be more similar to us than they are different from us except for their victimization of children. “Given the known heterogeneity of sex offenders, do sex offenders share any common characteristics that can be helpful for understanding their behaviors? Please see this website: http://www.cappaa.com/child-and-youth-sexual-athlete-abuse-offender-and-rapist-etiology for CHILD/YOUTH ATHLETE PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ABUSE OFFENDER AND RAPIST ETIOLOGY, a very perplexing, complicated pathology.

Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D. realized after many frustrating encounters with state, federal, congressional, and other governmental and health officials that dealing with them concerning the Adverse Childhood Experiences of Child and Youth Athlete Abuse was an exercise in futility. He initiated another level of operation. Dr. Micheal B. Minix Sr. found that the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act 2010 was on a 4 year review cycle and due to be re-evaluated and reauthorized in 2014. He needed to begin delivering his research and findings to the GAO pronto, yesterday! The GAO had been charged with investigating Child / Youth Athlete Sexual Abuse.

He, therefore, communicated with the Government Accountability Office (GAO) May 2, 2014, because “U.S. Rep Miller asked the GAO to Expand Investigation into Child Abuse Reporting Laws to Include Athletics, Extracurricular Activities Jun 18, 2013.” [U.S. Rep Miller asks GAO to Expand Investigation into Child Abuse Reporting Laws to Include Athletics, Extracurricular Activities Jun 18, 2013 Issues: Labor, Wages and Benefits Committee on Education and the Workforce http://democrats.edworkforce.house.gov/press-release/miller-asks-gao-expand-investigation-child-abuse-reporting-laws-include-athletics ][http://www.cappaa.com/u-s-rep-george-miller-d-calif-asked-gao-to-investigate-youth-athletic-clubs-child-abuse-allegations]

In an email to the director and assistant director of the GAO Dr. Minix Sr. laid out his case for the correct terminology and definition of Child / Youth Athlete Abuse Syndrome. The correct terminology and definition would insure that everyone was on the same page during discussions and keep them focused on the correct subject at hand. Then Dr. Minix Sr. cited his website and the voluminous articles he had published and the additional advocacy efforts he had made over the years. One communique and reply follows:

Dear Director _______ and Assistant Director ______ May 2, 2014

Pleaes review my podcasts and website, http://cappaa.com, which includes much of the information you will need for your investigations.

Athlete Abuse Summit Podcast April 2011:
Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome, A New Disease, Podcast ~40minutes
http://athletesafety1st.com/

Sexual Athlete Abuse
http://www.cappaa.com/category/sexual-athlete-abuse

My website has many useful references that might benefit your Child Athlete
Abuse Syndrome (CAAS)research. Click on each page in blue or category in grey
for the topics. Scroll down to the topic below the categories in grey:
http://www.cappaa.com/

I will gladly assist you in any way that I can. I am retired and research CAAS
daily.

Kindest regards,

Micheal B. Minix, SR., M.D.

One of the following communications from the GAO follows:

> Sent: Friday, May 02, 2014

—- “Assistant Director wrote in reply to above dated message:
> Mr. Minix,
> Thank you again for sharing this information. I have shared it with the team working on this issue.
It is helpful to know about the efforts being made around abuse of youth athletes.
> Sincerely,
> Assistant Director

An additional reply by Dr. Minix to the GAO:
Subject: RE: Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome

Priority: Normal Date: Friday, May 9, 2014 10:11 AM Size: 2 KB

Dear Assistant Director,

You are welcome. Hopefully, the GAO will make recommendations that will end all
types Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome (CAAS). The Prevention of CAAS requires
“crystal clear legal language” which then will result in “crystal clear law and
public policies”.

Kindest regards,

Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D.

The following reference is a published report by the GAO following their investigation.

“GAO-15-418 Abuse of Youth Athletes http://www.gao.gov/assets/680/670779.pdf ”

“We conducted this performance audit from February 2014 to May 2015 in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain sufficient, appropriate evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on the audit objectives. We believe that the evidence obtained provides a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on our audit objectives.”

“GAO makes no recommendations in this report. Education, HHS, and Justice provided technical comments, which we incorporated as appropriate.
SafeSport program is the culmination of 2010, the USOC (US Olympic Committee) convened the Working Group for Safe Training Environments and charged it with the task of developing a set of recommendations concerning misconduct in sport. The diverse group, which included individuals from the Olympic Family as well as external experts, focused on four primary objectives:”

“23 Although this report focuses on child sexual abuse, other terms may be used to describe similar concepts. For example, the Department of Education and others use the term “sexual violence,” a broader term which includes child sexual abuse but also other acts, such as those that may involve adult victims.”

“Justice may investigate alleged youth athlete abuse if there is a possibility the case constitutes a federal crime. These efforts may apply to youth in a range of settings

Similarly, information was included in the report to Congresswoman Speier, since the retirement of Senator Miller, who requested the investigation.
“To The Honorable Jackie Speier House of Representatives Dear Congresswoman Speier: GAO-15-418 Abuse of Youth Athletes, http://www.gao.gov/assets/680/670779.pdf May29,2015”

In these 2 reports, it was perfectly clear that the language, definitions and examples from Dr. Minix Sr.’s website and podcasts had positively impacted and influenced the GAO’s understanding following their year long investigation, because, as readers will note, in the first place, the title of the report refers to “Youth Athlete Abuse” as recommended by Dr. Minix Sr. and discussions in the body of both reports reflect opinions and conclusions of Dr. Minix, Sr. who was understandably pleased with the GAO’s decisive “crystal clear” language and conclusions, when naming the syndrome mbmsrmd had named and defined. The syndrome name Child and Youth Athlete Abuse was key. Since his dedicated advocacy’s beginning in 2007 Dr. Minix Sr. had finally sounded a receptive ear.

This investigator complemented The GAO, who performed a thorough investigation of all resources:

“To perform this work, we used a variety of approaches. To understand what role federal agencies play in preventing and responding to the sexual abuse of youth athletes under age 18, we reviewed relevant federal laws and regulations as well as relevant agency documents, such as guidance and procedures for conducting compliance reviews. We interviewed officials from the Departments of Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), and Justice (Justice).”

“We also interviewed relevant experts on coaching, athletics administration, and sexual abuse, and officials from a range of relevant organizations, including youth sport and education associations; victim advocacy groups;” (← mbmsrmd)

Reference states that “Michael B. Minix Sr., M.D.,leading medical expert on Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome and founder of Athlete Safety First (CAPPAA).” [Cheerleading injuries on the rise even in Texas part 1, The Examiner, examiner.com, March 20, 2011]

Reference states that“long-time expert and advocate of child safety in athletics Dr. Michael B. Minix, Sr.” [What’s behind the increase in amateur baseball litigation? By Albert Figone, Multibriefs, August 19, 2015]

“the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA); the United States Olympic Committee (USOC); and the USOC’s national governing bodies (NGB) for the selected private athletic programs of figure skating, hockey, and swimming, and four of their regional affiliates.12 We also 10 Among other things, the Clery Act requires postsecondary institutions that participate in federal student financial assistance programs to annually disclose, and report to the Department of Education, statistics on specified crimes that occur on or near their campuses. 20 U.S.C. § 1092(f). 11 Specifically, our review focused on two types of athletic programs aimed at developing high performing youth athletes: (1) youth sports camps held on college and university campuses; and (2) private athletic clubs implementing an athlete safety program based on the program established by the U.S. Olympic Committee. 12Within the USOC membership structure, regional affiliates of NGBs serve as intermediaries between the NGBs and private athletic clubs in their region. reviewed relevant literature from these groups. To gather information on how selected athletic programs address the sexual abuse of youth athletes, we conducted site visits to a nongeneralizable sample of athletic programs in three states—California, Florida, and Texas. Page 4 GAO-15-418 Abuse of Youth Athletes 13 We interviewed representatives of and reviewed documentation for a total of 11 athletic programs, which included 3 universities that operate youth sports camps14 and 8 local private athletic clubs. States and athletic programs were selected based on criteria including popularity of sport among youth, college rankings in selected sports, gender participation, and geographic diversity. We gathered information about the relevant policies and procedures selected athletic programs have designed for screening staff and volunteers, education and awareness training, monitoring and supervision, reporting of complaints, responding to complaints, and imposing sanctions.15 We also reviewed training materials on the subject of youth protection. For more information on our scope and methodology, see appendix I. We conducted this performance audit from February 2014 to May 2015 in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain sufficient, appropriate evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on the audit objectives. We believe that the evidence obtained provides a reasonable.”

Dr. Minix Sr’s podcasts and websites were the only resources, among those listed above, that used the terminology “Child / Youth Athlete Abuse” and other specific terms found in the GAO reports.

Dr. Minix Sr. had proposed an amendment to CAPTA 2010, which wa published on his website

“THE FOLLOWING PROPOSED AMENDMENT IS A KEY SOLUTION”

• “{the Following is a Proposed additional Public Health Amendment to Section 3. Paragraph 2., a” public health innovation by website Dr. Minix Sr. on his Athlete Safety 1st. Public health innovations were suggested in 2005 by the U.S. Surgeon General. The New Language is Capitalized and a recommended addition to S. 1877 described below}:

“(A) any recent act or failure to act, on the part of a parent or caretaker, “INCLUDING COACH SUBSTITUTE CARETAKERS OF SCHOOL AND NON-SCHOOL SPORTS, RECREATION AND EXERCISE”, that results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act that presents an imminent risk of serious harm; or
The Athlete Safety 1st amendment is cost-conscious and inexpensive}:”

“(A) any recent act or failure to act, on the part of a parent or caretaker, “INCLUDING COACH SUBSTITUTE CARETAKERS OF SCHOOL AND NON-SCHOOL SPORTS, RECREATION AND EXERCISE”, that results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act that presents an imminent risk of serious harm; or”

Therefore, when the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services solicited the GAO to make recommendations for the new ICD-10 Diagnostic and Procedure Codes prior to implementation Oct. 1, 2015
a. The key solution and language for the Coach perpetrator were in place on Dr. Minix Sr’s website
b. rather than amend CAPTA 2010 ICD-9 which would have required lengthy legislative actions
c. it appears that the GAO recommended and were granted a new Modifier Code for Coach Perpetrator of Child/Youth Athlete Abuse, aka T07.53, was added to the newly revised ICD-10 codes, which included the Coach perpetrator, which also included teachers and supervisors, a brilliant GAO innovation.

For example utilization of the new code: when a Child has been Sexually Abused during Sports, Recreation and/or Exercise (SRE) or Physically Endangered, Maltreated, injured or died during SRE participation, when preparing a written report to the Child Protective Services (CPS), Department for Community Based Services (DCBS) or County Attorney, medical charting and/or insurance billing, retrievable for investigators and data mining, the following codes should be listed:

Diagnosis: Child Sexual Abuse ICD-10 Diagnostic Code = T74.22XA
When caused or allowed to be caused by the Coach, the Modifier Coach Perpetrator Code is added = T07.53

or

Diagnosis: Child physical abuse, confirmed, initial encounter = T74.12XA
When caused or allowed to be caused by the Coach, the Modifier Coach Perpetrator Code is added = T07.53

Unfortunately, it is too late for the Child/Youth Athlete after each victimization and too late for the Coach after the Coach is blindsided with a criminal indictment or civil lawsuit and left to “hang out to dry” alone by themselves, when their administrators and superiors are considered immune to similar charges, whether valid or not.

Unfortunately, “The deterrent effect of getting caught and charged has a larger influence in reducing the propensity to abuse children again than any other likely justice action.” [Preventing Child Maltreatment, the Future of Children, Vol. 19 no. 2 Fall]

The following is the Child Athlete Saving history as it unfolded, prior to the remarkable accomplishment above.

Child abuse was reported in 1962 in the U.S. in 1962 in the Journal of the American Medical association as “Battered Child Syndrome. [“The Battered-Child Syndrome”, C. Henry Kempe, M.D.; Frederic N. Silverman, M.D.; Brandt F. Steele, M.D.; William Droegemueller, M.D. ; Henry K. Silver, M.D., JAMA. 1962;181(1):17-24.] It evolved into Child Protection Laws.

The United States Federal Governmental enacted the first Child Protection Law known as Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) 1972. CAPTA has been amended several times and was last amended in CAPT Reauthorization Act, 2010, Public Law 111-320. CAPTA 2010 was announced and promulgated, funds and resources were allocated and public policies were established.

Nineteen (19) years later, in 1981 Dr. Edwin R. Guise and Dr. Richard M. Ball, in disapproval, first described the terms respectively:

• “Socially Approved Athletic Child Abuse”
• “Battered-Child-Athlete-Syndrome”, [ 3.]

The Child Athlete Saving Bible is Human Rights in Youth Sport: (Ethics and Sport) by Paulo David that was published by Routledge December 16, 2004

“The human rights of children have been recognized in the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, and ratified by 192 countries. Sport is an international language that everyone understands and a fundamental building block of Children’s Rights.

Paulo David’s work makes it clear, however, that too often competitive sport fails to recognize the value of respect for international child rights norms and standards and respect for human rights of child athletes.” [critical review, Amazon.com]

This text, purchased by this reporter, was thoroughly researched and was a fundamental text for Child Athlete Saving movement. Mr. Paulo David is Deputy Director, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

The Thin Thirty, a book by Shannon Ragland, published in 2007 by Set Shot Press, was a monumental action toward Child and Youth Athlete Safety and Prevention of Child Athlete Abuse. TTT was also historic in the definition of Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome. The Thin Thirty enabled our team to find our teammates from our 1962 University of Kentucky Football Team that resulted in our reunion in 2008 and discussion and research of our football tragedy. TTT told our tragic football story of brain-washing brutality that reduced our squad from 88 to 33 athletes. Our thanks to Shannon Ragland and his family. So should the thanks of all Child and Youth Athletes.

In 2007 Women’s Sports Foundation began setting policy on verbal, physical, psychological and sexual abuse in an attempt to decrease these offenses. [Addressing the Issue of Verbal, Physical and Psychological Abuse of Athletes: The Foundation Position Oct 7, 2007 By Women’s Sports Foundation]

Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome (CAAS) Forensic definition by Micheal B. Minix Sr,. M.D. began following preparation in 2007 for the June 2008 UK Football Reunion. We surveyed our teams’ injuries: “The Longitudinal and Retrospective Study of The Impact of Coaching Behaviors on the 1961-1962 University of Kentucky Football Wildcats” by Kay Collier McLaughlin, Ph.D., Micheal B. Minix Sr. M.D., Twila Minix, R.N., Jim Overman, Scott Brogdon.

Athlete Abuse Awareness Education letter to the Kentucky Medical Association from Dr. Minix Sr. was included on the KMA subcommittee domestic violence meeting agenda in 2008.
[PDF]AGENDA Subcommittee on Domestic Violencewww.kyma.org/uploads/…/AgendaDV.pdf
Kentucky Medical Association
Nov 12, 2008 – Coker, PhD, UK. C. Athlete Abuse Awareness Education – Letter to editor/Micheal Minix, Sr, MD. VII. Date of Next Meeting. VIII. Adjournment.
AGENDA Subcommittee on Domestic Violence KMA Headquarters November 12, 2008 Louisville, Kentucky 2:30 pm
I. Call to Order
II. Approval and Follow Up of Minutes – March 26, 2008
III. Child Sexual Abuse – Physician Education/Child Advocacy Centers – Todd Douglas, MD, Lisa Pfitzer, MD
IV. 2008 House of Delegates Resolution 2008-16 – Community & Workplace Violence (Warren County Medical Society)
V. Model Health Care Protocol on Abuse, Neglect & Exploitation A. Revision of the document B. CME Questions
VI. Other Items
A. Family Violence Prevention Fund Conference on Health/Domestic Violence
B. Intimate or Childhood Sexual Abuse and Obesity in Kentucky – paper by Ann Coker, PhD, UK
C. Athlete Abuse Awareness Education – Letter to editor/Micheal Minix, Sr, MD
VII. Date of Next Meeting VIII. Adjournment

“Child Abuse Recognition Education is a very important endeavor. The mission of C.A.R.E. (Child Abuse Recognition Education) is to develop, support and grow a statewide network of doctors, key medical personnel and medical office staff who have committed themselves to ensuring the children in their communities are free from abuse and neglect as a result of receiving office-based training from their medical peers.” [Prevent Child Abuse Kentucky, http://www.pcaky.org/care.html]

This reporter, Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D., was trained and certified, with a handful other doctors, by C.A.R.E. Jan 14, 2009 for the instruction of physicians and their office staff in their community based offices about the recognition of Child Abuse. C.A.R.E. is a division of Prevent Child Abuse Kentucky.

Child Athlete Abuse was discussed during breakout session during this reporter’s C.A.R.E. training. C.A.R.E. is Child Abuse Recognition Education. In the past Child Athletes have been overlooked. C.A.R.E. staff trainer, Kathleen Dean, reported after a pointed question to the group from Dr. Minix Sr. concerning the investigation of Coaches for Child Abuse 1 month following training after the question had been submitted up the ladder to DCBS top ranking officials:

DCBS replied, “The Child Safety Branch of DCBS (Department of Community Based Services which has a branch in each Kentucky county) has responded to the question regarding coaches as caregivers”……“Our agency [DCBS] investigates abuse and neglect allegations involving situations where a person is providing care, has custody or has control of a child. Teachers, camp counselors, bus drivers, babysitters, grandparents, coaches etc. fit in to that category if they are left to care for a child and the parent is not present (for supervision and caregiving). To my knowledge we are investigating these type situations in this manner across the state. If [DCBS] staff have questions about whether a person falls into these categories, they can consult with Central Office or their regional attorney.” [C.A.R.E. Coordinator, email, Feb. 27, 2009]

Subsequently, CAPPAA, Athlete Safety 1st was published and copywritten 2009. As a consultant to the National Cheer Safety Foundation and other groups, this author/editor taught CAAS to advocates and organizations incorporating training following instruction in Child Abuse Recognition Education (C.A.R.E.) sponsored by Prevent Child Abuse KY and U of Louisville Department Of Pediatric Forensic Medicine.

Child Athlete Abuse was first authored by Micheal B. Minix, SR., M.D. in 2009.Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome, A New Disease was further described November 15, 2010.

Then Dr. Minix Sr. responded to an editorial by 2008-2009 Kentucky Medical Association President James F. Beattie, MD, with a Letter by Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D. to the Editor, Journal of the Kentucky Medical Association, Page 384, September 2012 / vol 110 concerning Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome.

Permission for use was granted to Kimberly Archie for the Cheer Safety and Risk Management Guide. (3537 words) by Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D. cc Sept. 2009 with copyright restrictions on “changes, alterations and other uses such as redistribution and sale of this document are not to be made without my permission.”*

Permission was granted to Cheryl Hoffman, Educational Director and assistant to the Executive Director for the National Collegiate Acrobatics and Tumbling Association, August 15, 2011 to use articles from my website Athlete Safety 1st in the “Risk Management Standards and Manual” online at: http://issuu.com/ncata/docs/risk_management?viewMode=magazine.

CAPPAA, (Child and Adult Physical and Psychological [Emotional] Athlete Abuse), a Public Health Crisis, was prepared for Presentation to Deputy Secretary Steven Nunn, the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services, April 24, 2010 by mbmsrmd and the CAPPAA Team. Nunn was noticeably nervous and distracted during the meeting. Disgustingly, Nunn took no action. Dr. Minix Sr. discovered that Nun himself had been served with a protective order that accused him of domestic violence and threatening his girlfriend. More horrendously, he soon shot and killed the young lady and was subsequently convicted and now is serving is serving a long sentence in jail; that was even more disgust and incentive for Dr. Minix Sr. to carry on his advocacy.

Child SRE Coaches are recognized as “Temporary Substitute Caretakers” (TSC) in the eyes of the Public Law 111-320, Child Abuse Prevention Treatment and Reauthorization Act and the Kentucky Department of Community Based Services (DCBS) and Child Protection Services (CPS).

“A bill aimed at improving safety for high school athletes won initial legislative approval.” House Bill 383 became Kentucky Law: 2009 Ky. Acts ch. 90, sec. 2, effective March 24, 2009.

“Dr. Michael Minix Sr., a physician and former University of Kentucky football player, testified in favor of HB 383 before the KY House of Representatives, Education Committee that coaches don’t always abide by medical guidelines and that they need to be better educated about risks to players.”

“Athlete abuse is on the rise in the United States,” Minix Sr. said.

[Panel OKs Athlete Safety Bill, Feb 25, 2009, by Stephenie Steitzer Courier Journal Newspaper, Louisville, KY]

Forty-nine years after the report of Battered Child Syndrome, April 29, 2011, Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D., this reporter, presented the Forensic Definition of “Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome, A New Disease” at the Athlete Abuse Summit, Omni Parker House, Boston, MA. This was the first public conference report of mbmsrmd’s CAAS’s definition, following his scholarly inquiry, investigation, interpretation of facts and correction of accepted theories and laws because of new facts.

This reporter has been a member of the Brunel International Research Network for Athlete Welfare (BIRNAW) since Nov19, 2010/ BIRNAW is a group of international researchers who are working together to promote athlete welfare through research and consultancy. Brunel University is in East London, UK. Members are provided article and updates, periodically, concerning international Child Athlete Welfare.

In Suite 101, Terry Zeigler reported, “While 2010 has become known as the “Year of Concussion Awareness”, 2011 needs to become the “Year of Child Athlete Abuse Awareness”.

“Actions by coaches resulting in youth athlete injuries need to be taken seriously by both the parents and by athletic administrations. Immediate action should be taken by the team’s athletic administrations to remove the coach, report the incident to the local authorities, and assist in providing the authorities with their full cooperation during any ensuing investigation.” [Suite101: The Athlete Abuse Summits report from Terry Zeigler:
http://terry-zeigler.suite101.com/child-athlete-abuse-syndrome–when-athletes-pay-the-price-a393385]

Different well-intentioned organizations have worked to improve education and awareness of all parties, particularly Coaches. They have gathered insignificant permanent effects on sports violence and abuse. Most well-intentioned have very small power and authority. So, who will rescue and prevent child and adult athlete physical and psychological (emotional) injuries and deaths and sexual abuse?

Multitudes have been recruited for this cause from all business and professional fields, but fallen on deaf ears. Finally, well known, celebrity sports organizations and health care personnel have weighed in on the problem.

March, 2013 The Cal Ripkin Jr. Foundation hosted a summit on Abuse of Child Athletes. Their summit focused on Child Athlete Sexual Abuse. Ripken he decided to take on the chief question before the sporting community: “What can we do to make kids safer?” [March 19, 2013 by Yvonne Wenger, The Baltimore Sun] That was good news.

This reporter has awaited Sports Medicine doctors advocacy for years. Dr. James Andrews has just now stepped-up to the plate. “He’s had enough.”

“Dr. Andrews is the father of modern sports medicine and one of the most influential figures in the world of athletics. In his new book (2013) “Any Given Monday”, he distills his practical wisdom and professional advice to combat a growing epidemic of injury among sports’ most vulnerable population: its young athletes.”

It appears, from this editor’s opinion that Dr. Andrews in his new book, Any Given Monday, (Jan 2013) has called out:

• Doctors, who have failed Child and Youth Athletes because they have failed to initiate an Awareness Campaign against Preventable, Not-Accidental sports injuries and deaths
• Parents, Guardians and Coaches, who have pushed and punished Child and Youth Athletes beyond their physical and emotional limits causing or allowing to be caused directly or indirectly Preventable, Not Accidental Overuse and other injuries.
[Athlete Safety 1st, http://www.cappaa.com/]

What do Coaches, parents and doctors of child and youth athletes have in common? They often share the responsibility for child and youth athletes’ protection and, likewise, their injuries and deaths.

Coaches and parents are caretakers according to child protection laws, when child athletes are in their care, custody and control. Responsibility matters.

Doctors are responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of athlete morbidity. Medical examiners and coroners are responsible for examination of deceased child and youth athletes following Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) mortality.

All three groups are responsible for reporting the following serious injury or death circumstances:

Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome is a Short Title for a Clustering of Child (<18) or Youth (15-18) Athlete Serious Injury, Disease and/or Death secondary to:

► Physical endangerment, maltreatment and/or abuse
► Psychological (Emotional) endangerment, maltreatment and/or abuse
► Sexual Abuse
► Failed child custodial protection
► Negligent care giving supervision
► Human rights violations
► That were inflicted, caused, created, or allowed to be inflicted, caused, created, directly or indirectly by the Problematic Coach, including the Strength Training, Conditioning and other specialty Coach, Problematic Parent or other Problematic Caretaker Person who has Child and Youth Athlete custodial protection, supervision, care and control during Sports, Recreation and Exercise Participation
► Failure to report the morbidity and mortality to Authorities is Illegal. [1.] [6.]
► In most United States, Children are minors when less than 18 years of age.
► The United Nations define Youth as persons between the ages of 15-24.

The following are examples of the potential consequences when Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome is Covered-up and Not-Reported:

The Judge ruled Tuesday, July 30, 2013, that Penn State’s then-president Graham Spanier, retired university vice president Gary Schultz, then-athletic director Tim Curley will be tried on charges of cover-up, perjury, obstruction, endangering the welfare of children, failure to properly report suspected abuse, hiding evidence from investigators and lying to the grand jury, and conspiracy from the case against Coach Jerry Sandusky, a former Penn State assistant football coach, who was convicted for sexually preying on and abusing boys. [By Tim Polzer, July 30, 2013 Sports Illustrated Wire]

Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome and Cruelty to Children in Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) are matters of importance to Doctors and Health Care Personnel. They summons all Doctors and Health Care Personnel into action for the Awareness and Prevention of these Child Athlete Preventable, Not-Accidental morbidities and mortalities.

At any given time, one or another of the three adults might be blameful. All three are mandated reporters in most of the United States.

The 5 main objectives for the definition of Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome (CAAS) are:
1. Prevent abuse and cruelty to Child and Youth Athletes, who Participate in Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE)
2. Promote Athlete Safety 1st
3. Prevent criminal and civil Risks for “Problematic Coaches” who don’t know about the legal relationship they have with Children who participate in SRE
4. Define the circumstances creating or causing CAAS, so that everyone concerned completely understands the legal coach-athlete relationship and repercussions and risks, when the relationship is violated, for everyone’s protection and safety
5. Utilize education, teaching, scholarship, research and advocacy for prevention
These objectives are to be accomplished by utilizing Education, Teaching, Scholarship, Research, Advocacy and Legislation. “Problematic caretakers” will continue maltreating and abusing athletes as long as they believe they can get away with it.

Most individuals have a clear understanding of the meaning of violence. But the laws, policies and practices that are in place to protect children outside of sport are not always applied to organized SRE play.

Within certain sports, there are a variety of definitions and situational circumstances that distort the meaning of the word, violence.

“Violence in sport can be defined as behavior that causes harm, occurs outside of the rules of the sport and is unrelated to the competitive objectives of the activity.” [2.] That is the definition by sports concerns. Violence against children is universally defined and superior to sports.

Let’s be clear from the beginning. Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome and Cruelty to Children in SRE is medical doctor business. They summons all doctors for awareness and prevention of Child Athlete morbidity and mortality. If “problematic coaches and parents” are the culprits, their unlawful behaviors should trigger Forensic Medicine Investigations immediately following the incidents.

Child is defined as a human less than the age of majority, usually 18 years in each United State.

The United Nations define youth as persons between the ages of 15 and 24. UNESCO understands that young people are a heterogeneous group in constant evolution and that the experience of ‘being young’ varies enormously across regions and within countries.”

Minor Youth would be age 15-18. [3.] When Child is used in this publication, minor youth are also implied.

Coaches, Parents, Guardians and every Caretaker cross the line, when they cause, create or allow others to cause or create, directly or indirectly, circumstances that push and punish Child and Youth Athletes beyond their Physical and Emotional Limits and perpetrate Sexual Abuse.

Doctors and Health Care Personnel cross the line when they cover-up or fail to document and Report Forensic Histories, Physical Examinations and Treatments for Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome.

Doctors and Health Care Personnel risk Criminal Charges for Failure to Report Child Abuse and potential Civil Law Suits, when unreported Child Abuse escalates because it was not reported. All Reporters have immunity to HIPPA laws and anonymity from their identity disclosure.

Child Athletes and Youth Athletes, less than 18, are Children first and Athletes second participating in SRE during every nanosecond. Child Athletes (<18) are defined and governed by their Age of Minority, not the activity in which they participate. “No Sport is a Kingdom unto its own,”…. “No one is above the Law.” said former Secretary of State and avid Sport Fan, Condeleezza Rice. [11.] The Code of Silence in Amateur Sports from administrations down to Coaches is nothing but a cover-up for bad Coaching behaviors and Child Athlete dangers. For example: The Case of the Penn State alleged cover-up will be tried later this year (2013) Every Child is covered by the Umbrella of Child Protection Law on every inch of ground, and every venue, during every nanosecond of time. That Umbrella is passed from Caretaker to Caretaker as Children pass from one venue to another. Children are never without the Umbrella of Child Protection Law, until they reach the age of adulthood, 18 in most United States. Child and Youth Athletes Do Not relinquish their Human Rights to the Coach, School, Athletic Association or anyone when they sign-up to participate in Sports, Recreation and Exercise. There are 2 different groups of Amateur Athletes under consideration i.e. Children and Adult Athletes. This report is about Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome, but most of the content it is applicable to Adult Athletes. All Coaches of Child Athletes, age less than 18, are Temporary Substitute Caretakers of Children, while the Children are in the Care, Custody and Control of the Coach during their participation in Sports, Recreation and Exercise. Child Abuse Statutes and other Legal Statutes in Adult Criminal Court are applicable, depending on the state court. In some states complex issues can be tried in both Family and Adult Criminal Courts simultaneously and it is not double jeopardy. For example in KY see KRS 620.120. However, children victims and witnesses have Rights in Court. Children should not testify in public, photographed and videotaped court rooms for many reasons. Conversely, Adult (>18) Amateur Athletes in Sports Recreation and Exercise, College, Olympics and elsewhere enter into a Fiduciary Trust Standard of Care when they commit to play-for and provide-their-athletic-abilities in exchange for their Participation with Proper Care, Safety, Welfare and possibly Education. Legal Statutes in Adult Criminal Court are applicable.

Problematic Abusers will continue maltreating and abusing as long as they believe they can get away with it. Unfortunately the Will to Enforce the Law is the greatest Prevention and Deterrence of Child and Youth Athlete Abuse.

Prevent Child Athlete Cruelty and Abuse. Stop Coaches, Parents and Doctors from Crossing the Criminal and Civil Lines.

U.S REP. GEORGE MILLER ASKED GAO TO INVESTIGATE YOUTH ATHLETIC CLUBS’ CHILD ABUSE ALLEGATIONS And Expand Investigation into Child Abuse Reporting Laws to Include Athletics, Extracurricular Activities

• {the Following is a Proposed Public Health Amendment to Section 3. Paragraph 2., by Athlete Safety 1st (mbmsrmd) in addition-to or in replacement-of Casey and Boxer Language. The New Language is Capitalized and a recommended in addition-to or in replacement-of S. 1877 described below. One U.S. Sen. in a personal letter reply to my request for my amendment described the Casey-Boxer Bill as to expensive.
The Athlete Safety 1st amendment is cost-conscious and inexpensive}:

(A) any recent act or failure to act, on the part of a parent or caretaker, “INCLUDING COACH SUBSTITUTE CARETAKERS OF SCHOOL AND NON-SCHOOL SPORTS, RECREATION AND EXERCISE”, that results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act that presents an imminent risk of serious harm; or

• {the Following is a Proposed Amendment S. 1877 by Senators Casey and Boxer Language Capitalized Senate Bill 1877 considered by mbmsrmd / Athlete safety 1st to be inadequate (S. 1877 currently in Senate Committee awaiting action}:

(B) >ANY DELIBERATE ACT<, on the part of an individual other than a parent or caretaker, that results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation, or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.’

Everyone, including Doctors, Parents, Health Care Personnel, Coaches, and the entire Athletic Community will report and Pre-Pubescent and Adolescent Children will self report Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome, not delay, once they understand Child and Youth Athlete Rights, which will be made “Crystal Clear”, under the new amended 111-320 Public Law and once it becomes Public Policy following promulgation, announcement and dissemination.

[U.S. Rep Miller asks GAO to Expand Investigation into Child Abuse Reporting Laws to Include Athletics, Extracurricular Activities Jun 18, 2013 Issues: Labor, Wages and Benefits Committee on Education and the Workforce http://democrats.edworkforce.house.gov/press-release/miller-asks-gao-expand-investigation-child-abuse-reporting-laws-include-athletics ]

[ http://www.cappaa.com/u-s-rep-george-miller-d-calif-asked-gao-to-investigate-youth-athletic-clubs-child-abuse-allegations ]

“Parens Patriae” Doctrine Grants Power and Authority of the State to protect
minor Children, age less than 18, and other persons who are legally unable to
protect themselves.

The Etymology of “Parens Patriae” is from Latin meaning Government is “Parent
of the Nation”

“Parens Patriae” doctrine is the legal framework for the Special Standard of
Child Care

STATES MUST COMPLY WITH FEDERAL LAW, CAPTA 2010

• State Child Abuse Performance Procedures and Actions should reflect CAPTA 2010
because of the Federal Funds and Grants received by States
• States are mandated to alter their powers, duties and management functions
satisfying CAPTA 2010 compliance with the purposes for which the Federal Funds
and Grants are made available to States by Federal Law

◙ In U.S., the State is the “Supreme Guardian” of all Children but must
satisfying CAPTA 2010 compliance with the purposes for which the Federal Funds
and Grants are made available to States by Federal Law
◙ If Parents, Guardians and Substitute Caretakers such as teachers and Coaches
are Unable, Unwilling or Fail to Protect their Children or other Children when
they are in the custody and control of Substitute Caretakers like Coaches:
◙ The Government has the poser and will Protect Child Safety and ensure proper
Child Care
◙ The State has the power / authority to take action to Protect the Child from
harm. [46.]
◙ Tripartite Relationship = PARENT + CHILD + STATE
◙ “Parens Patriae” Balances the Rights and Responsibilities among
Parents-Child-State as guided by Federal Laws
◙ The Umbrella of Child Protection follows children wherever they go; in every
venue

Same Tripartite Relationship exists for the Coach
Coach-Caretaker + Child-Athlete + State
◙ It is Permissible for the Coach-Caretaker to use His/Her Methods of Coaching
children in Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE):
◙ Providing the Coach complies with the Special Standards of Care issued by
State for a Child

◙ The Tripartite Coach-Caretaker + Child-Athlete + State Relationship is In
Effect during Practices, Camps, Over-Nights, Travel Teams, Closed Practices.
(These are the “Be Vigilant for Parents and Guardians Venues”)

◙ For Children the Supreme Power of the State following Federal CAPTA 2010
mandates are in Effect On Every inch of Ground, Every Second of Time in the
United States

[ http://www.cappaa.com/save-child-athletes-from-cruelty-and-abuse ]
[ http://www.cappaa.com/category/child-athlete-abuse-syndrome ]
[ http://www.cappaa.com/save-child-athletes-from-cruelty-and-abuse ]

References:
1. Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome: Medical-Legal and Forensic Definition http://www.cappaa.com/child-athlete-abuse-syndrome-medical-legal-and-forensic-definition
2. Conversation with Paul Melia and Karri Dawson live, beyond the Cheers
3. UNESCO
4. Surgeon General’s Workshop on Making Prevention of Child Maltreatment a National Priority: Implementing Innovations of a Public Health Approach, Surgeon General’s Workshop Proceedings Lister Hill Auditorium, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland March 30–31, 2005
8. The Great Football Coach (Or Basketball Coach) research paper.
by Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D.
107. TRUE SPORT LIVES HERE – Anastasia, G. // George, D
119. WOMEN’S SPORTS FOUNDATION – Addressing the Issue of Verbal, Physical and Psychological Abuse of Athletes: The Foundation Position
Website
http://www.cappaa.com/category/save-child-athletes-from-cruelty-and-abuse-stop-coaches-parents-and-doctors-from-crossing-the-line
Official Page
Enter the official brand, celebrity or organization your Page is about
Facebook Page ID
426927464057724

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *