First some family terms keeping. The term, Youth, is frequently used improperly. Child and Youth are not the same.

Child is defined as a human less than the age of majority, usually 18 years in each United State.

The United Nations define youth as persons between the ages of 15 and 24. UNESCO understands that young people are a heterogeneous group in constant evolution and that the experience of ‘being young’ varies enormously across regions and within countries.”

Minor Youth would be age 15-18. [3.] When Child is used on this website, minor youth are also implied.

‘Battered Child Syndrome’, was the first report describing Child Abuse in the U.S., The Syndrome was reported in 1962. It evolved into Child Protection Laws.

[“The Battered-Child Syndrome”, C. Henry Kempe, M.D.; Frederic N. Silverman, M.D.; Brandt F. Steele, M.D.; William Droegemueller, M.D. ; Henry K. Silver, M.D., JAMA. 1962;181(1):17-24.]

With inspiration from ‘The Battered-Child Syndrome’ report, the United States Federal Governmental enacted the first Child Protection Law known as ‘Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) 1972’.

CAPTA has been amended several times and was last amended in ‘CAPTA Reauthorization Act, 2010’, Public Law 111-320. CAPTA 2010 was announced and promulgated, funds and resources were allocated to states and public policies were established.

Human Rights in Youth Sport: (Ethics and Sport) by Paulo David was published by Routledge December 16, 2004

“The human rights of children have been recognized in the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, and ratified by 192 countries.

Sport is an international language that everyone understands and a fundamental building block of Children’s Rights. Paulo David’s work makes it clear, however, that too often competitive sport fails to recognize the value of respect for international child rights norms and standards and respect for human rights of child athletes.” [critical review,]

Mr. Paulo David is Deputy Director, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

The Thin Thirty, is a book by Shannon Ragland, published in 2007 by Set Shot Press.

The Thin Thirty is a monumental publication and action toward Child and Youth Athlete Safety and Prevention of Child and Youth Athlete Abuse.

It is an historic book enabling the definition of ‘Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome’.

The Thin Thirty enabled our team to find our teammates from our 1962 University of Kentucky Football Team that resulted in our reunion in 2008 and discussion and research of our football tragedy. The book told our tragic football story of brain-washing brutality that reduced our squad from 88 to 33 athletes. Our thanks to Shannon Ragland and his family. So should the thanks of all Child and Youth amateur Athletes be for The Thin Thirty.

Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome (CAAS) Forensic definition by Micheal B. Minix Sr., M.D. began following preparation in 2007 for the June 2008 UK Football Reunion.

Or investigators surveyed our teams’ injuries and published the first of its kind ‘Child and Youth Amateur Athlete Abuse Syndrome’ study:

‘The Longitudinal and Retrospective Study of The Impact of Coaching Behaviors on the 1961-1962 University of Kentucky Football Wildcats’ by Kay Collier McLaughlin, Ph.D., Micheal B. Minix Sr. M.D., Twila Minix, R.N., Jim Overman, Scott Brogdon.

Subsequently, CAPPAA, Athlete Safety 1st website was copy written 2009.

The first ever report, ‘The Longitudinal and Retrospective Study of The Impact of Coaching Behaviors on the 1961-1962 University of Kentucky Football Wildcats’, was published on the Athlete Safety 1st website.

Micheal B. Minix, SR., M.D. was trained and certified 2009 in Child Abuse Recognition Education (C.A.R.E.) sponsored by Prevent Child Abuse KY and U of Louisville Department Of Pediatric Forensic Medicine.

Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome was discussed during break-out session during Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D. C.A.R.E. training.

“The Child Safety Branch of DCBS (Department of Community Based Services which has a branch in each Kentucky county) has responded to the question regarding coaches as caregivers”……“Our agency [DCBS] investigates abuse and neglect allegations involving situations where a person is providing care, has custody or has control of a child.

“Teachers, camp counselors, bus drivers, babysitters, grandparents, coaches etc. fit in to that category if they are left to care for a child and the parent is not present (for supervision and caregiving). To my knowledge we are investigating these type situations in this manner across the state. If [DCBS] staff have questions about whether a person falls into these categories, they can consult with Central Office or their regional attorney.” [C.A.R.E. Coordinator, Feb. 27, 2009]

“Child Abuse Recognition Education is a very important endeavor. The mission of C.A.R.E. (Child Abuse Recognition Education) is to develop, support and grow a statewide network of doctors, key medical personnel and medical office staff who have committed themselves to ensuring the children in their communities are free from abuse and neglect as a result of receiving office-based training from their medical peers.” [Prevent Child Abuse Kentucky,]

“A bill aimed at improving safety for high school athletes won initial legislative approval.” House Bill 383 became Kentucky Law: 2009 Ky. Acts ch. 90, sec. 2, effective March 24, 2009.

“Dr. Michael Minix Sr., a physician and former University of Kentucky football player, testified in favor of HB 383 before the KY House of Representatives, Education Committee that coaches don’t always abide by medical guidelines and that they need to be better educated about risks to players.” “Athlete abuse is on the rise in the United States,” Minix said. [Panel OKs Athlete Safety Bill, Feb 25, 2009, by Stephenie Steitzer Courier Journal Newspaper, Louisville, KY]

‘Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome’ was first authored by Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D. in 2009. Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome, A New Disease was further described November 15, 2010.

Forty-nine years after the report of ‘Battered Child Syndrome’, Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D., this reporter presented the Forensic Definition of “Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome, A New Disease” at the ‘Athlete Abuse Summit’ April 29, 2011, Omni Parker House, Boston, MA.

This was the first public conference report of ‘Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome’ definition, following scholarly inquiry, investigation, interpretation of facts and correction of accepted theories and laws because of new facts.

‘Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome’ (CAAS), a Public Health Crisis, was prepared for Presentation to Deputy Secretary Steven Nunn, the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services April 24, 2010 by Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D. and the CAAS Team.

U.S. Representative George Miller asked the Government Accountability Office to investigate youth Athlete Clubs’ Child Abuse Allegations and Expand Investigation into Child Abuse Reporting Laws to Include Athletics and Extracurricular Activities June 18, 2013.

[U.S. Rep Miller asks GAO to Expand Investigation into Child Abuse Reporting Laws to Include Athletics, Extracurricular Activities Jun 18, 2013 Issues: Labor, Wages and Benefits Committee on Education and the Workforce  ]

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• State Child Abuse Performance Procedures and Actions should reflect CAPTA 2010 because of the Federal Funds and Grants received by States

• States are mandated to alter their powers, duties and management functions satisfying CAPTA 2010 compliance with the purposes for which the Federal Funds and Grants are made available to States by Federal Law

◙ In U.S., the State is the “Supreme Guardian” of all Children but must satisfying CAPTA 2010 compliance with the purposes for which the Federal Funds and Grants are made available to States by Federal Law

◙ If Parents, Guardians and Substitute Caretakers such as teachers and Coaches are Unable, Unwilling or Fail to Protect their Children or other Children when they are in the custody and control of Substitute Caretakers like Coaches:

◙ The Government has the poser and will Protect Child Safety and ensure proper Child Care

◙ The State has the power / authority to take action to Protect the Child from harm. [46.]

◙ Tripartite Relationship = PARENT + CHILD + STATE

◙ “Parens Patriae” Balances the Rights and Responsibilities among Parents-Child-State as guided by Federal Laws

◙ The Umbrella of Child Protection follows children wherever they go; in every venue Same Tripartite Relationship exists for the Coach Coach-Caretaker + Child-Athlete + State

◙ It is Permissible for the Coach-Caretaker to use His/Her Methods of Coaching children in Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE):

◙ Providing the Coach complies with the Special Standards of Care issued by State for a Child

◙ The Tripartite Coach-Caretaker + Child-Athlete + State Relationship is In Effect during Practices, Camps, Over-Nights, Travel Teams, Closed Practices. (These are the “Be Vigilant for Parents and Guardians Venues”)

◙ For Children the Supreme Power of the State following Federal CAPTA 2010 mandates are in Effect On Every inch of Ground, Every Second of Time in the United States [ ] [ ] [ ]

The 5 main objectives for the definition of Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome (CAAS) are:
1. Prevent abuse and cruelty to Child and Youth Athletes, who Participate in Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE)
2. Promote Athlete Safety 1st
3. Prevent criminal and civil Risks for “Problematic Coaches” who don’t know about the legal relationship they have with Children who participate in SRE
4. Define the circumstances creating or causing CAAS, so that everyone concerned completely understands the legal coach-athlete relationship and repercussions and risks, when the relationship is violated, for everyone’s protection and safety
5. Utilize education, teaching, scholarship, research and advocacy for prevention

Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome (CAAS) is a Short Title for a Clustering of Child (<18) or Youth (15-18) (United Nations definition is 15-24) Athlete Serious Injury, Disease and/or Death (morbidity and mortality) secondary to:
► Physical endangerment, maltreatment and/or abuse
► Psychological (Emotional) endangerment, maltreatment and/or abuse
► Sexual Abuse
► Failed child custodial protection
► Negligent care giving supervision
► Human rights violations
► That were inflicted, caused, created, or allowed to be inflicted, caused, created, directly or indirectly by the Problematic Coach, including the Strength Training, Conditioning and other specialty Coach, Problematic Parent. Doctor or Health Care Person or other Problematic Caretaker Person who has Child and Youth Athlete custodial protection, supervision, care and control during Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) Participation
► Additionally, other offenders, when discovered in the abuse narration, include colleagues and oversight administrators of athletic programs, who become involved in a Code of Silence and conspiracy to cover-up ‘Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome’
► Failure of mandated reporters report the morbidity and mortality to Authorities is Illegal. [Child Welfare Information Gateway’s Mandatory Reporters of Child Abuse and Neglect at cfm ]
► In most United States, Children are minors when less than 18 years of age
► Youth Athlete Abuse (15-24). The United Nations and Olympics define Youth as persons between the ages of 15-24

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