“In 1909, St. Mary’s University, then known as St. Louis College, organized its first football team. Coached by a group of priests, the early years of the program were met with unfavorable results. From 1911-1915, St. Louis College went without a win, losing games by wide margins with scores 50-0 and 80-0 being commonplace.”[Thanksgiving Throwback: Football at St. Mary’s, General 11/24/2016 3:46:00 AM RattlerAthletics.com San Antonio, TX, by Brian Magloyoan St. Mary’s Athletics Communications, http://rattlerathletics.com/news/2016/11/24/general-thanksgiving-throwback-football-at-st-mary-s.aspx]

President and General Dwight D. Eisenhower

“After graduation in 1915, Second Lieutenant Dwight Eisenhower requested an assignment in the Philippines, which was denied. He served initially in logistics and then the infantry at various camps in Texas and Georgia until 1918. In 1916, while stationed at Fort Sam Houston, Eisenhower was football coach for St. Louis College, now St. Mary’s University.” [Eisenhower: The President Ambrose Soldier and President, New York: Simon and Schuster]

[Magloyhoan contnued] “After leading the Peacock Military Academy to a winning season in his first year as head coach in 1915, U.S. Army Lieutenant Dwight D. Eisenhower was named the new St. Louis College head football coach in 1916. He made an immediate impact, leading the squad to a tie in his first game at the helm. The next five games saw even better results as St. Louis College reeled of five consecutive victories, en route to a 5-1-1 record.”

“The team’s quarterback, Jim Sweeney, said, we respected him from the time he showed up until he left. He was very frank and honest, and we learned more about honor and discipline from him than we did anywhere else.”

“A fixture at all the games, Mamie Eisenhower, Dwight’s wife, was the team’s biggest supporter. She would go on to become the only female in the history of St. Mary’s to be honored with a football letter. We fought as much for Mamie and the Douds (her parents who also attended the games) as we did the school,” Sweeney said.

John Clark “Mose” Simms

John Clark “Mose” Simms was an avid sports aficionado. Many regarded him a guru because he was very very knowledgeable and enthusiastic about sports, especially high school and college football. The following is a brief description of Mose simms accomplishments.

“In March of 1931, St. Mary’s announced the discontinuation of the football program due to the rising cost of expenses caused by the Great Depression. However, football still remained on campus as a club team.

When Bones Irvin departed 2 years later to coach at Texas A&M St. Mary’s football history ended.

In the March 24, 1933 edition of ‘The Rattler’, the school newspaper, student council encouraged the return of Athletics.

The following year, President Rev. Alfred H. Rabe announced that St. Mary’s would return to intercollegiate competition in the 1935-36 academic year.

Spearheading the revival of the program was John Clark “Mose” Simms.

“A graduate of San Marcos Baptist Academy, Simms loved sports and had long dreamed of owning his own football team,” a newspaper article stated.

Simms would negotiate a deal with the University where he would field football and basketball teams in return for tuition, dormitory space and books for players.

With Simms at the helm, the Rattlers developed a team of players mostly from Texas and out-of-state and some student-athletes who had left larger schools. Simms, the ultimate goal was to gain national notoriety for St. Mary’s.

According to Simms, the best way for St. Mary’s to gain recognition across the country was “to make the team as flamboyant as possible.” Simms was a masterful marketier.

Though the school’s colors being gold and blue, Simms dressed the players in red, white and blue uniforms in honor of the Texas Centennial of 1936 and played with a red, white and blue ball during their home games.

“Struggling to schedule games at home, Simms and the Rattlers would head on the road to play games from New Hampshire to California, often scheduling games while on the road. One week in 1935, the Rattlers played three games in a seven-day stretch throughout California against the University of San Francisco, Santa Barbara State and the San Diego Marines.”

“A media darling, Simms would regularly hold his press conferences in the reporters’ favorite bars. The move paid off, as the Rattlers regularly headlined the sports pages in the days leading up to games.”

“In addition to their unique playing attire, St. Mary’s became known for their method of transportation. Logging an estimated 50,000 miles over five years, the Rattlers would travel on a 53-seat double-decker bus, Simms painted blue, and named the “Blue Goose” with the words, “St. Mary’s University, San Antonio, Texas. Where sunshine spends the winter,” labeled on the side.”

1940 was the last season under Simms. St. Mary’s put together one final team for the 1941 season under the direction of Lloyd Russell. In the last intercollegiate football game in St. Mary’s history, the Rattlers fell to Mississippi Southern, 7-0. St. Mary’s would discontinue the program after the 1941 season due to the United States’ involvement in World War II.

St. Mary’s Football has faded into a distant memory, and has turned into an almost mythological fable. Please see the complete article in reference: [Thanksgiving Throwback: Football at St. Mary’s, General 11/24/2016 3:46:00 AM RattlerAthletics.com San Antonio, TX, by Brian Magloyoan St. Mary’s Athletics Communications, http://rattlerathletics.com/news/2016/11/24/general-thanksgiving-throwback-football-at-st-mary-s.aspx]

Mose played football at Moody High School, San Marcos Baptist Academy, freshman football at Baylor, Centenary and Washington State, and knew the hard work and dedication that student athletes require to be successful football players. He firmly believed the Wigwam Wiseman High School All-America game was physically and psychologically beneficial for the student athletes.

Mose Simms’ led an interesting life, had many occupations and many football experiences detailed in the articles referenced in this report. [Corsicana Daily, Sun from Corsicana, Texas · Page 41 May 31, 1962]

In 1947 John Clark “Mose” Simms, the athletic director of Oklahoma City University, took leave-of-absence to organize a high school football game between the best players east and west of the Mississippi River. To choose the players he wrote to 134 sports editors and writers from nominations.

After evaluating the submissions, and visiting some of the high schools of nominated players, he chose 44 to play in that game and be designated as the first high school All-American Team.

From 1947 through the early 1960’s (this reporter believed he played in the last official game in May, 1961) an organization headed by Simms known as the Wigwam Wiseman picked an All-American team and published the results in the national sports weekly “The Sporting News”. From the original 4 deep teams, the list was eventually expanded to seven teams of 13 players.

In most of those years the nominations exceeded 5,000 players. Some that didn’t make one of the squads were designated as Honorable Mention Wigwam Wiseman All-Americans. Those honorable mention lists for the most part are lost in time.

The greatest honor a high school football player could receive during the years of the Wigwam Wiseman was to be named to their team.

The purpose of this post is to collect all the All-American teams from 1947 to 1961. All additional information will be appreciated for addition to this post. Please comment on this publication at its end with additional information.

High School All-America Teams and Games

Sports advocate and enthusiast, John Clarke (Mose) Simms, one of the noted promoters of his time. He was a man with a mission. Mose was determined to make successful his high school All-America football game although he lost large amounts of money during the process.

High schools and colleges tried to disrupt his All-America games, probably for their own selfish control and profit.

High schools, their athletic associations and the NCAA istituted rules that college coaches could not handle all-star schoolboy teams. Mose got coaches the high schools and NCAA couldn’t control.

Then the high schools got the NCAA to pass rules forbidding high school graduates from playing in all-star games unless they wanted to forfeit a year of college eligibility.

Mose just held his game before high school was out and the seniors weren’t graduates, so they didn’t fall under the NCAA ban.

Mose was determined not to let high schools, athletic associations and the NCAA control and profit form All-American games, as they did with other concerns, while exploiting the athletes, which he knew would become prejudiced, jepordized and political.

Moses believed the All-American game, with student athletes selected by multiple states committees would be “a good thing for the schoolboys”. They would benefit from the travel and play in a game labeled ‘All America.”

Mose was very devoted to the game and directed the All-America game for the benefit ot the student atheletes entirely. It was student athlete centered.

“It’s quite something in their lives, Mose pays the boy’s transportation and living quarters, insures them against injury, gives them participation awards. He was very careful to guarantee no student athlete was exploited.

“Simms held 14 games starting in 1949, he inaugurated it in Corpus Christi, until 1963. He relied on the Wigwam Wiseman of America, the sponsoring benefactor, to subsidize the games, because revenue generated by the games was insufficient.

The Sporting News

The Sporting News was founded in 1886[3] by Alfred H. Spink, a director of the St. Louis Browns and former writer for the Missouri Republican daily newspaper. Each number was 17 by 22 inches, eight pages, price five cents (Cooper 1996).

The sporting weeklies Clipper and Sporting Life were based in New York and Philadelphia. By World War I, TSN would be the only national baseball newspaper.

Al Spink had long turned it over to his brother, first hiring Charles as business manager, then selling his stock, and finally departing from writing and editorial work in 1899 (Cooper 1996). His son, J. G. Taylor Spink, took over in 1914 and gradually added coverage of other sports as well.

Throughout much of the 20th century TSN was decidedly non-glamorous, consisting of black-and-white newsprint with staid graphics. However, for most of its first century it was the only vehicle for serious sports fans to follow teams from around the nation.

J. G. Taylor Spink died in 1962. The Spink family continued to own TSN until selling it to Times Mirror in 1977.[4] In the mid-1980s, the company began publishing annual previews for professional and college football, professional and college basketball, baseball, and hockey. [Jeff Price, Garry D. Howard (December 11, 2012). “An update on Sporting News for 2013”. Sporting News. Retrieved January 30, 2013]  [Christopher Zara (December 22, 2012). “In Memoriam: Magazines We Lost In 2012”. International Business Times. Retrieved November 8, 2014.

May 19, 1961 (Academic Year Fall 1960-Spring 1961) Mose Simms, Wigwam Wiseman, The Sporting News, High School All-America Game

This reporter played in the HSAA Football Game, Lockhart Stadium, Fort Lauterdale FL, May 1961 (1960 HS Football Season). Mike’s South All-American team was coached by Horace McCool and Robert “Bull Cyclone” Sullivan. The North All-American team was coached by Sammy Baugh and Hugh “Bones” Taylor. This reporter was named the game’s Most Valuable Offense Player.

Insert from this reporter. *The air travel, modern, motel accomodations were first rate, training table and meals were excellent and planned off-the-field dances, parties and tours were tremendous experiences.

*Practices, games, coaches and entire event were fun, educational, athlete-centered, ethical, rewarding eperiences and no athlete was exploited. My parents and family were extremely particular, conservative, religious people and didn’t tolerate foolishness and ‘tended to business’. The 1960-1961 Mose Simms, Wigwam Wiseman HSAA game was top notch, all business.

*Athlete safety was carefully maintained. Medical doctors and trainers were in attendance. ‘Horse-play’ and ‘Tom-foolery’ were not tolerated. Bed-checks and strict supervision were implemented.

*This reporter’s parents attended the HSAA game, as did UK Coach Bill Arnsparger and his wife, Betty. Arnsparger  became a lifelong friend of this reporter. He was a top-notch gentleman, as was head coach, UK Coach Blanton Collier, and all Collier’s assistants, who later became excellent collegle and pro coaches and scouts. UK was a ‘cradle of up and coming football coaches’ i.e Shula, Schnellenberger, Arnsbarger, North, Bennett, Knox, Rutledge, Ermel Allen and others.

*Coach Arnsparger was shadowing this reporter, who was his recruiting responsibility. Key UK recruits were given priority, close attention. Many competing scouts attended this game, watching over thier recruits, as well as other recruits, with whom they might slip a few words.

Newspaper account: “The Missile (Mike Minix) and some muscle, the lean Southern kind, that doesn’t wilt under heat and pressure, as the Rebels, in 80 degree heat, defeated the North, 26-21.” ‘The Missile’  was always in superb condition. He did not smoke, drink or dissipate in any fashion and was always early to bed after academic studies.

The newspaper report stated, “Mike the Missile Minix, deservedly named, was the contest’s outstanding back.  He was the All-American Game Offense MVP.” “Minix never scored for the South, but he set up one TD with a brilliant catch and kept the North on edge all night long with his slip-hippy running.” He leapt up like a cat to catch a pass that set up a TD. Minix had 9 carries for 42 yards the first half and 9 carries for 57 yards the second half and 38 yards receiving for a total of 137 yards of the South.   [Joe Schabo, Bob Lynch, John Day (3 separate articles, same page) Fort Lauderdale News, Saturday, May 20, 1961]

Previous All-America Game MVPS were Bobby McCool, Ronnie Knox, Jimmy Taylor, Billy Cannon, Ronnie Hartline, Warren Maccaronie and Jerry Rome to name a few.

Previous All-America Game players who made a name for themselves were Les Richter USC and L A Rams, Jim Mutscheller Notre Dame and Baltimore Colts, Harry Agganis Boston Univ and Boston Red Sox, Marion Campbell UGA and 49ers and Eagles, Lou Tsioropulos UK basketball and Boston Celtics, Rick Casares Florida and Chicago Bears, Bart Starr Alabama and Green Bay Packers, Jery Tubbs Oklahoma and 49ers and Cowboys, Billy Ray Smith, Bears and Cardinals, Ronnie Knox UCLA and Bears, Alex Karras Iowa and Packers, Jimmy Taylor LSU and Packers, Nick Pietrosante Notre Dame and Lions, Billy Cannon LSU and Oilers, Marlin McKeever USC and Rams, Vikings, Redskins and Mike McKeever USC and Rams.

This reporter was named to the 1960-1961 academic year The Sporting News, Wigwam Wisemen, the Scholastic Magazine and All Sports magazine High School All American Teams.

The following was published in Magazines and Newspapers, who endorsed and announced the High School All-America Teams (HSAAT) from all 50 states from 1947 to 1961. Each had their own interpretation of the teams, Those most widely published were the following:  Wigwam Wisemen, Senior Scholastic, Teen Magazine, Kick-Off.

In 1973 Parade Magazine began publishing the High School All-American Team.

During the 1947 to 1961 timeline each Magazine and Newspaper had their own interpretation of the teams. The published team list of players was sometimes varialbe and did and did not overlap, depending on the magazine and news interpretation.  This reporter was listed on the 1960-1961 academic year Wigwam Wiseman, Scholastic Magazine, The Sporting News HSAA and All Sports Magazine Teams .

During the short period from 1958 to 1962, the principle National High School All-America Football Team certificate as selected by the Wigwam Wisemen of America and The Sporting News, a black-and-white newsprint with staid graphics, was organized by Mose Simms and signed by J.T. Taylor Spink, publisher of The Sporting News. The Wigwam Wisemen of America and The Sporting News teams were the basis for the High School All-America game for that year, This reporter’s certificate was dated January 1961 (for the season 1960).

The 1958 to 1962 Wigwam Wisemen of America and The Sporting News publications, announcement and HSAA Games were well organized and histories well preserved.

After The Sporting News -WigwamWiseman Fourteenth Annual National High School All-America Football Team selections, a press release was distributed to many state and local newspapers and schools, including the players’ hometowns’ newspapers and schools. The announcement included an announcement concerning the High School All-America game. No 1st, 2nd, teams etc. were designated from 1958 to 1962 for this team.

From the report above, the team was follows the policy in 1947: “After evaluating the submissions, and visiting some of the high schools of nominated players, Simms chose 44 to play in that game and be designated as the first high school All-American Team.”

The following are the 4 teams on which this reporter was selected, Note the different name spellings, which indicated each of the 4 different news and magazine team interpretations and how the news and magazines reported in their different area. The Wigwam Wisemen-Sporting News team was the team designated for HSAA game.

  1. The Sporting News National High School All-America Footbal Certificate:

“Michael Brian Minix, The Fourteenth Annual National High School All-America Football Team for 1960 as selected by the Wigwam Wisemen of America. The Sporting News congratulates the recipient of this reward for his selection to a group that includes many outstanding football players. January 1, 1961.”  There were no 1st, 2nd etc. team designated

Mr. Maurice R. Robinson, the founder and chairman of Scholastic Magazines Inc. The first magazine distributed in 1920, Mr. Robinson built a publishing house that produces 34 magazines, five paperback book clubs and a wide range of textbooks and ventures into cable television. Scholastic Magazines remains one of the largest publishing concerns concentrating on the high school market. The two principal magazines published by Scholastic Magazines – Senior Scholastic and Junior Scholastic – contain surveys of national and international issues as well as compositions of high school students from around the country. Mr. Robinson died in 1982.

2. Senior Scholastic Magazine High School All-America Team 1960-1961 academic year:

Minix, Mike HB 6ft / 180 Paintsville, KY  No 1st, 2nd etc. team was designated   SS (1960)

Wigwam Wisemen of America, a benevolent organization of Oklahoma City sportsmen, who originated the Prep All-America football idea after the 1946 season. [The All-Sports News, Oklahoma City, Okla.  Jan 18, 1961, Sect 2-7]

3. Wigwam Wiseman High School All-America Team1960-1961 reported  in Oklahoma City, Okla. This team differed from team 1. somwhat and appeared more regional:

Minnix, Mike  HB  0 / 0 Paintsville, KY    2nd  WW (1960)

Oklahoma City’s presence in the sports world was guided since 1957 by the Oklahoma City All-Sports Association.

The All-Sports News High School All-am America Team 1960-1961 academic year, reported in Oklahoma City, Okla.

Mike Minnix         Paintsville, KY         2nd   1960

The following are the links to the newspaper records available for the 1947 to 1960 National High School All-America football Teams. The All-Sports News, Oklahoma City, Okla.

The All-Sports News, February 11, 1948
The All-Sports News, February 13, 1952
The All-Sports News, February 11, 1953
The All-Sports News, February 11, 1953 – 2
The All-Sports News, January 19, 1955
The All-Sports News, January 19, 1956
The All-Sports News, January 16, 1957
The All-Sports News, January 29, 1958
The All-Sports News, January 28, 1959
The All-Sports News, January 28, 1959 – 2
The All-Sports News, January 18, 1961
The All-Sports News, January 18, 1961 – 2

The following is the newspaper report Jan 18, 1961 about the 1960 National High School All-America Football Team selected by the Wigwam Wisemen of America and All Sports News.

The 98 high school players are listed in descending order of the number of ballots cast for each football position. The first halfback listed received the most votes and the last halfback listed the least.

Headline: “Nationwide Poll Sifts 7,820 Candidates for Top Honors.”

“11,202 Grid Experts Pick Cream of High School Crop – Pat Screen, New Orleans, Selected Team Captain, report by Ray Gillespie, Oklahoma City, Okla.”

“Once again, The Sporting News presents the National High School All-America football team. This 14th annual selection, representing the cream of the nation’s grid crop for 1960, set a new record for player nominations, with the grand total of 7,820 surpassing last year’s response of 6,006 candidates by 1,814 nominees.”

“A gigantic poll, which blanketed the entire country at the close of the recent football season, attracted ballots from 11,202 gridiron authorities, including sports writers from 1,234 daily newspapers, 1126 weekly and semi-weekly publications, broadcasters from 1,957 radio stations and 734 television sort casters. Approximately 5,000 high school coaches and principals mailed in ballots, while others were received from high school newspaper sports writers, game officials and pro football as well as college talent scouts.”

The voting was conducted by J.C. (Mose) Simms, who is chairman of the football committee of the Wigwam Wisemen of America, a benevolent organization of Oklahoma City sportsmen, who originated the Prep All-America football idea after the 1946 season. [The All-Sports News, Oklahoma City, Okla.  Jan 18, 1961, Sect 2-7]

A different ‘The Sporting News’ published report about the high school academic year 1960-1961 team, revealed that the team was comprised of 78 players from the United States, all were among the 98 players listed in the All-Sports News, Oklahoma City, Okla., above. No first, second, third etc. teams were designated. No report was found accounting for the difference in the 2 player lists.

The 14th annual All-American High School Football Classic was played at Lockhart Stadium, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, May 19, 1961. The game’s players were from the above 2 list of players, The National High School All-America Football Team as selected by the Wigwam Wisemen of America and The Sporting News.

Following is the 1960-1961 academic year The Sporting News – Wigwam Wiseman High School All-American team:

name,   team,   ht.,   weight,   coach


Mike Brown, Ferndale, Mich. 6.3 190 Ted Meister

Bill Fletcher South Side Memphis, Tenn. 5.9 168 Malcolm Phillips

John Hankinson Edina Minn. 6.2 177 Billy Bye

John Huarte Mater Dei Santa Ana, Cal. 6.1 185 Dick Coury

Mike Matson Lakewood Colo. 5.10 175 Tom Hancock

Fred Mazurek Redstone Twp. Republic, Pa. 5.11 195 Joe Bosnic

Joe Nameth Beaver Falls Pa. 6.1 170 Larry Bruno

Ron Tuthill Rockingham N.C. 5.10 180 Bill Entsler


Ronnie Bliey (Tilden) Brooklyn, N.Y. 6.1 195 Bernie Mars

Frank Bunch (Lawrenceville School) N.J. 5.10 180 Ken Keuffel

Jon Chesser (Messa) Aariz. 5.9 160 Mutt Ford

Mike Derrick (Brookland-Cayce) S.C. 6.0 185 Bill Brissey

Budgie Ford (Taylor) Tex. 6.0 184 Bill Ford

Bert Gravitt (Denver City) Tex. 6.0 188 Don Orr

Doster Griffith (Hokes Bluff) Ala. 5.11 178 Bill Cassidy

Bob Kelley (Weirton) W.Va. 6.0 170 Jim Carey

Charles King (Alliance) Ohio 6.1 190 Mel Knowlton

Kent McCloughan (Broken Bow) Neb. 6.1 190 not named

Bill Mackey (East Bakersfield) Cal. 6.0 175 Migs Apsit

Mike Minix (Paintsville) Ky. 6.0 180 Walt Brugh

Kent Nance (Madera) Cal. 6.1 190 Leroy Zimmerman

Pat Screen (Jesuit) New Orleans, La. 5.10 175 Ken Tarzetti

James Sidle (Banks) Birmingham, Ala. no height 170 Jimmy Tarrant

Tommy Vaughn (Troy) Ohio 5.11 178 Juillerat


Rich Butkus (Voactional) Chicago, Ill. 6.3 225 Bernard O’Brian

Bob Cappadonna (Watertown) Mass. 6.1 212 Vic Palladino

Mike Curtis (Montgomery) Rockville, Md. 6.1 Roy Lester

Tucker Frederickson (South Broward) Hollywood, Fla. 6.1 200 Moe Fuller

Art Hastings (Massillon) Ohio 5.9 170 Leo Strong

Earl Hawkins (Petersburg) Va. 6.4 200 Bob Howard

Ernie Koy Jr. (Bellville) Tex. 6.2 204 Allen Boren

Bob Quist (Cent. Catholic) Gr. Rapids, Mich. 5.10 193 Ted Sowle


Dick Adams (Mason City) Iowa 6.1 200 Bill Moore

Lawrence Elkins (Brownswood) Tex. 6.3 174 Gordon Wood

Dick emerson (Miami Senior) Fla. 6.1 200 Ottis Mooney

Ralph Farmer (Madison West) Wis. 6.5 212 Burton Hable

Frank Gallagher (St. James) Chester, Pa. 6.2 200 Frank Brennan

Kirk Kressler (Berwick) Pa.6.2 182 Ben Jones

William Lude (Martins Ferry) Ohio 6.0 195 Bob Wion

John Maddox (Magee) Miss. 6.2 220 Charley Callaway

Scott Miller (Kelso) Wash. 6.5 205 not named

Bob Mobley (Montclair) N.J. 6.2 195 Clary Anderson

Gerald Murphy (Fenwick) Oak Park, Ill. 6.2 210 John Jardine

Jerry Osler (Audubon) N.J. 6.2 200 Harry Gamble

David Pivec (Patt. Park) Baltimore, Md. 6.3 210 Irv Biasi

Dale Richter (Longmeadow) Mass. 6.3 192 not named


Dick Arrington (Erie East) Pa.6.0 210 Art Detzell

Bill Belew (Sweetwater) Tex. 6.4 235 Elwood Turner

John Boyette (Byrnes) Duncan, S.C. 6.3 225 Joe Hozee

Bob Conte (New Rochelle) N.Y. 6.0 200 Lou Amonson

Roddy Cutsinger (Elk City) Okla. 6.2 208 Bob Thomas

James Farley (Marietta) Ohio 6.2  205 Charles Stocker

James Guy (Waycross) Ga. 6.3 235 Earl O’Neal

Bob Hopp (Thornton Fractional No.) Ill. 5.10 226 Jerry Jelinek

Hoy Kenney (Douglas) Portland, Ore. 6.2 190 Marv Hilbert

Jock McLaughlin (Lake Washington) Kirkland, Wash. 6.4 230 Bill McLaughlin

Leon Poulsen (Box Elder) Bringham City, Utah 6.0 191 Leo Dunn

Brian Schweda (Lawrence) Kan. 6.3 204 Art Woolard

Bobby Smith (Burbank) San Antonio, Tex. 6.2 200 Roy Wallace

Dave Trojano (Brockton) Mass. 5.11 225 chat Millett


Don Croftcheck (Redstone Twp.) Republic, Pa. 6.2 210 Joe Bosnic

Ted Dodson (Midwest City) Okla. 5.11 195 Jim Darnell

Ron Gladman (Monrovia) Cal. 5.10 190 Dick Robbins

Jesse Grant (Corbin) Ky. 6.0 222 Walt Green

Ted Lawrence (So. Mountain) Phoenix, Ariz. 6.2 200 Earl Clupper

George Pappas (Hammond) Ind. 5.10 200 Bernie Krueger

Ernest Pilgreen (R. E. Lee) Montgomery, Ala. 6.0 195 Tom Jones

John Rappe (McKinley) St. Louis, Mo. 5.9 185 Julius Blanke

Tom Tatem (Norview) Norfolk, Va. 5.10 215 Charles McClurg

Pat Watson (Meridian) Miss. 6.1 217 Dog Owens


Russell Cooper (Burlington) N.C. 5.11 198 C., A. Frye

Rich Koeper (Sequoia) Redwood City, Cal. 6.4 238 Joe Marvin

Vernon McManus (Boytown) Tex. 6.0 189 Pete Sultis

James Murphy (Santa Barbara) Cal. 5.10 175 Sam Cathcart

Roger Pettee (Manatee) Bradenton, Fla. 6.3 195 Wheeler Leeth

Jack Price (Milbank) S. D. 6.2 275 Rollie Greene

Jack Strauch (Nutley) N. J. 6.1 215 Lou Zwirek

Stan Tarter (Nampa) Ida. 6.1 190 Jerry Dellinger

In 1973 Parade Magazine began publishing the High School All-American Team. Not all teams and players appeared in all news and magazine publications for given years. Please see the names and years of other High School All-American Teams using the search at the link:


WW – Wigwam Wisemen
SS – Senior Scholastic
TM – Teen Magazine
KO – Kick-Off
PA – Parade Magazine
NW – New World
The search Format:

Magazine:  all Wigwam Wisemen Senior Scholastic Teen Magazine Kick-Off Parade Magazine The New World

Year:  all 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972

State:  Select State… Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District Of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

First Name:

Last Name:


What Happened to Mike ‘the Missile’ Minix, Paintsville, KY?

Mike ‘the Missile’ Minix, Paintsville, KY, accepted a grant-in-aid to play football and attend pre-medical school at the University of Kentucky, beginning 1961 Fall.

Head coach Blanton Collier promised “The Missile” that he would have time to study and that he would receive UK’s blessing and support to study Pre-Medicine. That was the deal.

The 1961 Fall season, the SEC did not allow freshmen to participate in varsity football. Each SEC team had freshmen teams with their own football schedule.

The Lexington Herald Leader newspaper reported, “Shining most brightly among the UK freshmen yearling stars were Mike Minix, Bill Jenkins, Dale Lindsey, Phil Branson, Claude Hoffmeyer and Phil Pickett. Minix the Paintsville High School All-State halfback was switched to quarterback and paced the frosh in total offense, passing, punting and interceptions.”…. “He established himself as a fine T-quarterback option runner” under Coach Collier. The trend in that era was an option running QB, who could pass and punt.  6.

“The Missile” was captain of the 1961 Freshman Team and President of freshman football Lodge.  He had a 3.1 over all in Pre-Med his first semester under Coach Blanton Collier and a 3.3 the second semester and always on the 110% indoor workout and Spring Practice list, except for 2 injury days, under Charlie Bradshaw. He was doing what both coaches and academics required.

Mike worked hard at both his pre-med studies and football. Because of his switch to QB, he remained after most regulation practices in 1961 and individually worked on QB techniques with both Coach Leaman Bennett and Coach Collier. Bennett, a native of Paducah, Kentucky, was an assistant under Collier and then joined Bradshaw, when Collier was fired. Bennett graduated from the University of Kentucky and later became head coach of the Atlanta Falcons and Tampa Bay Buccaneers.  7.

Mike and the 1961 University of Kentucky Football Freshman Team under Coach Collier history began with the hope and promise of success at the University of Kentucky, after each player committed to Coach Collier and his All-Star assistants. The recruiting class was ranked best ever. Out-of-state recruits were once again signed to play, having been dismissed due to regulation violations. But the football experience became a lifetime of pathologic syndromes for all the players with resultant morbidity and mortality, after Coach Blanton Collier was fired and Charlie Bradshaw assumed the reign.

Collier was immediately replaced after the end of the first semester of 1961 and during the beginning of the Spring Semester of 1962 by a total football player, coach and disciple of Bear Bryant, named Charlie Bradshaw.

Charlie Bradshaw lettered 4 years as a player for Bryant at Kentucky after serving in the Marines during World War II and was an assistant coach at the University of Alabama under Bear Bryant and on the staff that won the 1961 national championship.

Bradshaw was 25-41-4 at Kentucky (1962-68) and 41-27-2 at Troy State (1976-82); compiling a career head coach college football record of 66–68–6. When Bryant first began coaching he recruited military veterans, like Bradshaw, who had played military football. They then attended college on the G.I. Bill and played football for the Bear.

At Kentucky, Bradshaw inherited a program that had won a championship in 1950 under Bear Bryant and done well under Blanton Collier, but Bradshaw’s UK record, 25–41–4 (38.6%)  was very poor. Bradshaw’s tenure at Kentucky was extremely disappointing. He didn’t capture the rapture of the “Bear”.

August 2007, ‘The Thin Thirty’, a book by Shannon Ragland, was an historic account, never before told, hidden and denied, about the tragic details of Bradshaw’s total commando football. Bradshaw inherited 88 football student-athletes, in the tradition of Coach Collier.

The term “lesser player” had been introduced by Bear Bryant himself to the media, previously. Assistant Bob Ford described the poor boy, recruit. “The Bradshaw regime will give the player a chance to better himself, become rich, get and education, and even learn about Christ because Football will become his salvation.”  That was the essence of the coaches’ BS.

Bryant, who was raised in Arkansas in a trennant farmer family, daily plowing cotton, during an interview in 1966, described a” lesser player” as a less heralded, less known, ranked, skilled, talented recruit.  He was a non-academic recruit, dedicated to total football, as well a “lesser player”.  In The Tyrant and the Traitor in SALON.COM two Alabama football coaches, Bear Bryant and Dennis Franchione, abused their players. But Bryant didn’t betray them, like Franchione, as reported in the article.

Bradshaw, it appeared, attempted to emulate Bryant, at UK. He said, “take pride in yourselves, and be good Christian men. Your studies will come first.” But an assistant said to one of players “Get to bed.  We’ll tell you when to study. Football comes first right now.”  Another player said, “At first I was impressed with Coach’s tie-in of Christianity and football.  But now I’m convinced it’s nothing but hypocrisy. Christ taught love. Charlie Bradshaw teaches us to punish, to destroy the other man.”  5.  Bradshaw’ rules were the only rules of play that mattered. it was win-at-all-costs.

Mike ‘the Missile’s mind was permanently set on becoming a doctor. The newly constructed University of Kentucky College of Medicine was the main recruiting factor affecting his choice of schools to attend. The new school at home in Kentucky was the difference in his selection over Duke, Georgia Tech and Oklahoma. The first 2 were choices for medicine and the second 2 choices for pure football. His priorities were programmed in the right place. Otherwise, “the Missile” could have been easily persuaded to remain with commando football with Bradshaw.

Jim Bolus, Mike’s 1961-1962 UK freshman football teammate and sports reporter, wrote an article for the Louisville Courier-Journal Newspaper, in 1981.  He said, “when UK football players became disenchanted with the tactics of the new coach (Bradshaw), they left in droves 20 years ago.  They endured all the scorn ever heaped upon hapless “quitters” but many forged from the trauma of that time the drive to pursue goals greater than gridiron glory.”  And they did achieve lofty goals, because they were not “quitters”. They “pulled out and were the winners.” Anyone who ‘pulled-out’ from a sport team, even if heading in an imporved direction, were called ‘quitters. in those days. Few had the foresight to look beyond theri nose.

In that article was quoted Lindsay Able, another teammate, who commented, “I remember Bradshaw said, the guys that quit will be quitters their whole life.  They’ll be eating hamburgers and you guys, who stay around here, will be eating steak”.  Mike’s team had news for Bradshaw.  “The players, who “pulled out” from his program, were eating steak in later professional life, because they did not fall for Bradshaw’s bologna in 1962.” Lindsey wisely transferred to Eastern Kentucky University and continued his football and academic career. He ‘pulled-out’ after the coaches knocked his front teeth out and UK refused to replace them. EKU replaced his teeth and Lindsey became a successful businessman.

Teammate Roscoe Perkins, who began with UK, played with EKU, as many others did, and the Miami Dolphins, said, “you can’t treat people like a bunch of animals and beat on them and do the things that they did.”  The freshmen players who “pulled-out” moved in an improved direction with their careers and future at stake and became:  4 doctors, 1 dentist, 1 veterinarian, 7 lawyers, private business owners, investment brokers, real estate brokers and agents, teachers, members of the military armed forces,1 sports writer and coaches. 28 of 32 graduated with college degrees and 7 with masters degrees. Of 48 freshmen players only 5 completed their eligibility at UK.  5.

“A high school coach named Jim Pickens who told Bradshaw that he had run off the thoroughbreds and was left with mules – ‘and you can’t win on Saturdays with mules.’ He also told him that Bradshaw shouldn‘t ever bother to recruit Bowling Green players again because he had run off Dale Lindsey, probably the best player Bowling Green had ever produced. Lindsay finished at WKU and was a star linebacker in the NFL with the Cleveland Browns. 37.

Earl Ruby of the Courier-Journal interviewed Johnny Vaught, the Ole Miss Coach. who said, “Don’t those boys, who got chased off know that under the (NCAA) rules, they are entitled to four full years of room, board, tuition and books (with their grant in aid “scholarship”) whether they lay a hand on football or not? That is the law as I understand it. What does Bradshaw know that the rest of us don’t?”

“The Kentucky coaches and Athletic Director, Bernie Shively, had been coercing those who ‘pulled-out’ to sign “voluntary” releases of their scholarships. Vaught was the one who let the cat out of the bag. This story, along with the Coaching Abuse, was taking hold as a story on a national level and eventually led to an NCAA investigation and UK sanctions for rules violations. Sports Illustrated commented in a four page article that had this to say about the scholarship issue: “

“Kentucky’s football scholarships are grants-in-aid. The only way a boy can lose his grant-in-aid, aside from scholastic ineptitude or improper behavior, is to sign a waiver that releases the school from its obligation. Not all the boys who ‘pulled-out’ from Kentucky’s squad signed such waivers.” Some did not remember. It was reported, of course, they all signed.

“Bradshaw said that he was not aware that a player did not have to sign a waiver and give up his scholarship when he “pulled-out” of the squad. “I should have known,” he says, “but I didn’t.”  9.

Coach Collier was immediately hired to coach the Cleveland Browns after UK and the UK officials’ decision and actions. After Blanton Collier became coach “in 1963, the Cleveland Browns finished 10-4, and Jim Brown broke the NFL’s single-season rushing record with 1,863 yards. The following season, the Browns went 10-3-1 and then upset the heavily favored Baltimore Colts 27-0 in the NFL championship game. Another Eastern Conference title followed in 1965. Despite Jim Brown’s retirement after the 1965 season, the Browns had another four consecutive winning seasons and went to the NFL championship in 1968 and 1969.  Coach Collier had great respect for Cleveland and other NFL black players, which helped endear Collier to Jim Brown and his teammates. Collier retired in 1970.  10.

Jimmy Brown said of Blanton Collier, when he took the head coaching job with the Cleveland Browns, “I was ready for his football genius, but I wasn’t ready for his humanity.” Conversely, Mike and his teammates, who committed to play for a humane Coach Collier, were not ready for Charlie Bradshaw and his assistants, who were inhumane, cruel and abusive.

Browns fans remember Collier’s tenure as a ‘Golden Age of Browns football’. The team was not shut out in any game, and Cleveland Stadium sold out for almost every game played during Collier’s stint in Cleveland.  11.

Bradshaw and his assistants’ preposterous abusive maltreatments of Athletes and their decisions, destroyed UK’s SEC championship possibility, ruined Mike’s team, which was deep and poised for greatness, and everyone’s chances for success. Bradshaw buried “The Missile” football career in a heap, never to resurface.

Bear Bryant said of Coach Bobby Dodd, GA Tech, member of the SEC at that time, who recruited student athletes, “look at him over there (Dodd on the sidelines when Tech played Alabama) he’ll beat you with his brains.”

Bradshaw, after he took charge and wanted total control, called Mike into the coaching office for 2 separate one hour meetings. Bradshaw demanded that Mike stop his Botany class and begin attending and assisting instruction of a PE football class 101 for regular civilian students, designed to introduce them to the game of football.

Bradshaw wanted him to demonstrate QB and running back techniques to the students. All regular civilian students and UK football Athlete students, who were demonstrating in full gear, were to receive class credit. It was a trumped-up PE course, that amounted to another practice session, according to teammates who “volunteered” and assisted the course.

Botany was a biological course Mike needed, to fulfil a pre-med prerequisite. Since his surname began with an M and registration was predicated on alphabetical listings, registration had been difficult for prerequisites. Pre-med was difficult enough and registration for prerequisite classes added another dimension of difficultly.

Bradshaw gave him an ultimatum. Bradshaw, during the last of the 2 meetings, became infuriated and slung his books toward an open window, as if he wanted to throw them out of the window, but the books bounced back onto the office floor. But he couldn’t manipulate Mike. Frustrated, Bradshaw then told him to get in the corner “with God and work it out,” as he departed the office and pointed toward the corner.

Mike gathered his books, sat back down and waited for Bradshaw to return to the office. Bradshaw played the God and Christ intimidation and trustworthiness cards, pathetically, to influence him and his football teammates in critical situations. No one fell for his self-righteous hypocrisy, after a short time.

Mike had been deeply and adversely affected by other brutal abusive Spring Practice teammate circumstances, that lingered on his mind. Mike was very angry at the Coaches, sickened by their punching, slugging, kicking, head-butting assaults that left teammates with broken noses, knocked-out teeth, broken bones and numerous other injuries and no medical attention, to speak of. Mike pained for his temmmates, who were targeted to be ‘ran-off’. Many un-targeted pulled-out from the team, as well, which the coaches had not counted on. Pulling-out became an avalanche. Once started, it beccame impossible to stop.

Mike got in the corner of his mind with God and did just as he was told. He decided the best decision was to “pull-out” from Bradshaw football. He had his priorities in their proper place. His priorities began long before he enrolled at UK with his role models, several Paintsville Doctors. When Bradshaw returned to the office, Mike told Bradshaw his decision. He would continue pre-med and become a Doctor.  Mike was too respectful, as others, typical for that era, to openly argue, push back and ‘tattle-tell’. Disrespect was improper. Those who ‘pulled-out’ went quietly to another place, never gathered together again to discuss the tragedy and, as was customary at that time, no one reported the abusive behavior to parents, authorities or reporters.

Most of the 58 players were forced to leave the Bradshaw UK football program because of the horrific conditions. They transferred to other teams and other academic programs with better football and professional opportunities. Only 30 freshmen and varsity players out of 88 began the 1962 season.

‘Mike the Missile’ was in a tight position. His only choice was to stay at UK in pre-med and then med school. He had established himself with UK professors who would recommed him for acceptance to UK’s med school. He sought other football programs that had similar pre-med accomodations as UK, but none were available. He had been accepted to work in summer medcal research at the UK College of Medicine, a very special opportunity for an aspiring pre-medical student. So remaing at UK, without football, was his only choice.

Leaving a corrupt football program was not ‘quitting’ acording to tough, hard-nosed, Hall of Fame Coach Roy Walton, Lexington KY Tates Creek High School. He said ‘pulling out’ was a form of self-preservation, which enabled most of the UK players, many he knew and coached, to play at the next level of football and/or acquire professions to succeeed in life.

“Coach Walton was an old-school, tough-as-nails coach and a master motivator. He began his coaching career at Lafayette, but he accumulated most of his 219 victories in 26 years at Tates Creek. He led the Commodores to an undefeated season and state championship in 1972 and an at-large state title in 1978. He retired after the 1992 season. 14.

3 of Missile TDs Paintsville High School 38 vs Catlettsburg 6 (1960)


1.  [Commando Total Football, Sports Illustrated, Oct 8, 1962 by Morton Sharnik and Robert Creamer]

2. [Alabama Encyclopedia][UKCOM: At a Glance”. University of Kentucky College of Medicine: At a Glance. University of Kentucky College of Medicine]

3. [Archives, Duke University Blue Devils Athletics and Sports Information]

4. [The Courier Journal, Dec. 9, 1960]

5. [The Thin Thirty by Shannon Ragland, 2007]

6. [Minix Paced UK Freshmen in Offense for Season, Lexington Herald Leader, Nov 16, 1961]

7. [Pro-Football Reference.com]

8. [Obituary, Dr. Norman A. Deeb of Bowling Green, KY Mar 16, 2012]

9. [Kentucky Football Tales from the Dark Side: The Charlie Bradshaw Years – Part Four by Hank Rippetoe, A Sea Of Blue Nation, Aug 29 2013]

10. History of the Cleveland Browns, Wikipedia

11. [Football’s Gentle Giant, The Blanton Collier Story, by Kay Collier Slone, 1985 Life Force Press 124.]

12.  [Sports Illustrated August 15, 1966 by Allen Barra,  Paul Bryant Part I: I’ll Tell You About Football. Still fearless, America’s No. 1 college coach begins here the remarkably candid story of his turbulent rise to fame]

13. [Arkansas Razorback History]

14. Coaching Legend, Roy Walton Dies, by Mike Fields – mfields@herald-leader.com, MAY 04, 2010, Lex Herald Leader.


Gary “ Skip “ Grossnickle 
I was designated as a member of the Wigwam Wisemen of America N. H. S. All America Football Team 1961“Gary “Skip” Grossnickle was a standout athlete for Kirksville High School. As a 9th grader, when grades 10-12 were the only high school grades, Gary played quarterback for the high school team. In high school, Gary was selected Captain or Co-Captain in football, basketball and track all three years. A three year letterman for the University of Missouri Tigers, Grossnickle’s best year was 1966 as he starred in the 1966 Sugar Bowl game, was named the Tigers Outstanding Defensive Back, selected as All-Conference Defensive Back and received All-Big 8 Honors.” [Missouri Sports Hall of Fame].


3 thoughts on “HIGH SCHOOL ALL-AMERICA TEAM 1947-1961

  1. Gary “ Skip “ Grossnickle

    I was designated as a member of the Wigwam Wisemen of America N. H. S. All America Football Team 1961

    “Gary “Skip” Grossnickle was a standout athlete for Kirksville High School. As a 9th grader, when grades 10-12 were the only high school grades, Gary played quarterback for the high school team. In high school, Gary was selected Captain or Co-Captain in football, basketball and track all three years. A three year letterman for the University of Missouri Tigers, Grossnickle’s best year was 1966 as he starred in the 1966 Sugar Bowl game, was named the Tigers Outstanding Defensive Back, selected as All-Conference Defensive Back and received All-Big 8 Honors.” [Missouri Sports Hall of Fame].

  2. Terry Schwarz Belleville Illinois played 1957 QB

    Thanks for selecting me to the 1957 honorable
    Mention football team.😉

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