“Overheated boy dies at Florida high school football camp. The autopsy of William Shogran Jr., 14, of Sebastian River High School was scheduled for Thursday. The case has been turned over the Sheriff’s Department’s Homicide Investigator, according to the sheriff’s report.” [by Barbara Liston , Orlando Fl, Aug 14, 2014]

Zyrees Oliver, 17, a star student and athlete at Douglas County High School in Georgia, died from water intoxication after drinking 2 gallons of water and 2 gallons of Gatorade to stop cramps during practice. He was brain dead after suffering devastating brain swelling from water intoxication. [by Lydia Warren, 12 Aug 2014, Mailonline]

Everyone should know the proper means for “Hydration: Staying Fluid [MIT].

“Performance can be directly affected by dehydration, therefore the importance of adequate hydration cannot be overemphasized.

“If urine is not lightly colored to clear, you are probably dehydrated. Urinating every 2 to 4 hours is normal. If urinating more frequently than every 30-60 minutes you’re drinking too much. One liter of sweat lost = 2.2 pounds. The body needs .3 x its weight in fluid for the minimum number of ounces you require daily (eg: .3 x 150 lbs. = 45 fl. oz. or 5.25 8 oz. glasses of water). This does not include loss due to exercise.

• Drink before you’re thirsty. If you’re thirsty, you’re already in the beginning stages of dehydration.
• Gulp don’t sip.
• Drink cool water not warm; at least 50-59 degrees F is recommended. Cool water is absorbed at a faster rate than warm water.
• The night before a competition drink 16 oz. before bed, 16 oz. upon awakening and if the competition is later in the day, another 17-20 oz. 2 hours before the competition, then another 6-8 oz. 15 minutes before the game, practice or workout.
• During exercise drink 7-10 oz. every 10 minutes to 20 minutes. Performance decreases when water loss is 2% of body weight.
• Within 2 hours after the game drink 24 oz. of fluid for every pound lost (best choices (in order): cold water, sports drinks ( like Gatorade, Powerade), lemonade, “Go”, energy drinks, concentrated carbohydrate drinks). Remember: most of these drinks may have many calories and should not be consumed frivolously.”
[12/8/2005 by MIT Sports Medicine: K. Davis]

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