• ATTENTION: SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH, HEAT STROKE AND OTHER EMERGENCIES DURING SPORTS, RECREATION AND EXERCISE
• Doctors, Parents, Grandparents, Family and Guardians: Summer School and Non-School Sports Activities are in progress. Ask Athletes the following Questions during Pre-participation Physical Examination by the Doctor and after Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) Participation by Parents, Grandparents, Family and Guardians
• If athletes voluntarily complain about the following symptoms or answer when questioned about the following symptoms during Participation, they should undergo screening with an Electrocardiogram (EKG) and an Echocardiogram.
• These are essential diagnostic tests to rule in or out Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)
• Sudden Youth Athlete Death can result from the onset of ventricular tachycardia or another heart arrhythmia 2° to HCM (Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy).
• The only symptoms might occur during exercise and/or at rest and include:
• Shortness of breath
• Chest pain or tightness
• Fainting or dizziness
• Heart palpitations: heart beating rapidly or irregularly
• Sudden drop in blood pressure
• Heat Illness and Stroke: There should be No practice outside during dangerous Heat Index and dangerous Air Quality Alert
• Designated Resuscitation Area with the following:
• Automated External Defibrillator (AED) should be available
• Other Resuscitation equipment
• Baby swimming pool filled with water and full Ice Chest to be poured into the water as the Athlete is submersed except for their head, when suspected with Heat Illness
• Recorded and Practiced 911 Emergency Action Plan with designated first responders and contact telephone numbers should be part of the SRE Participation Program
• Regular check of ER Equipment to insure that it is properly functioning
SPORTS 911 EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN
•Assessment: evaluate level of consciousness, orientation in time, place and person, respiration/breathing, pulse, blood pressure, temperature.
•Stabilize, cool and transfer. Have an ambulance at games. If not possible to have emergency transportation at games and practices be prepared with the telephone numbers for emergency vehicles for transfer. When a player goes down stabilize the emergency condition then transfer. In the case of Heat Illness, cool first before transfer.
• Evaluation before stabilization: Quickly examine the cause, signs, symptoms and types of emergencies as EMS vehicle approaches patient: Emergencies include injuries and illnesses such as diabetic hypoglycemia, dehydration, heat stroke, cardiac arrest, heart attack, seizure, cerebral vascular accident/stroke, hemorrhage, lacerated liver, ruptured spleen, collapsed lung and broken ribs, traumatic brain injury, concussion, fractured skull, cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine injuries All categories must be included in the plan.
•Team of responders: includes the Athletic Team Internal Responders: coaches, trainers, team physician / nurse, designated AED responder, record keeping responder to record emergency event, communication-telephone operator responder, maintenance responder to open door or gate and meet the EMS and the External Responders: EMS, police, fire department, hospital and physician / nurse.
•Proper training of the responders and ability to use the equipment
•Properly functioning equipment for the emergency event that has been satisfactorily maintained. An emergency station area must be designated. All working, maintained equipment must be at the emergency station. The minimal equipment must be: tourniquet, first aid kit, eye wash, flashlight, seizure bite block, variety of splints, icy kitty pool for water with hose and 2 large chests of ice, automated external defibrillator, and fire extinguisher.
•Communication among responders: A working phone must be kept at the emergency station on the practice field, stadium, or arena. The entrance for EMS should be designated and keys to that entrance, if applicable, kept with the phone. Emergency numbers for EMS, Team physicians and family numbers should be kept with the emergency phone. The phone communication-telephone operator responder should call all the External Responders including the family.
•Follow up: the record keeping responder should complete a form and self report the emergency event to school officials. Name, address, family phone numbers, mother and father’s name, injury, response, transport of athlete and result.
•All emergency records and sports related injuries must be reported to the KMA, KHSAA, Kentucky Joint Committee on Health and Welfare or the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services, or another health related governmental department for accurate sports related statistical data collection.
•Continuing Education for responders. All responders must have continuing education about the Sports 911 Emergency Action Plan.
1. Building Emergency. Action Plan. The Gatton College of. Business & Economics Building. 550 S. Limestone Street. CALL 911 or. UK Police Department 911
2. General Guidelines for Developing Emergency Action Plans, KHSAA, Kentucky High School Athletic Association
3. National Cheer Safety Foundation