Sport (verb.) c.1400, “to take pleasure, to amuse oneself,” from Old French desporter, deporter “to divert, amuse, please, play”. Restricted sense of “amuse oneself by active exercise in open air or taking part in some game” is from late 15c. Meaning “to wear” is from 1778.

Sport (noun.) early 15c., “pleasant pastime,” shortening of disport “activity that offers amusement or relaxation; entertainment, fun” (c.1300), also “a pastime or game; flirtation; pleasure taken in such activity” (late 14c.), from Anglo-French disport, Old French desport, deport “pleasure, enjoyment, delight; solace (comfort, relief), consolation; favor, privilege,” related to desporter, deporter “to divert, amuse, please, play”.

“Original sense preserved in phrases such as in sport “in jest” (mid-15c.). Meaning “game involving physical exercise” first recorded 1520s. Sense of “stylish man” is from 1861, American English, probably because they lived by gambling and betting on races. Meaning “good fellow” is attested from 1881 (as in be a sport, 1913). Sport as a familiar form of address to a man is from 1935, Australian English. The sport of kings was originally (1660s) war-making. Other, lost senses of Middle English disport were “consolation, solace; a source of comfort.”
[Online Etymology Dictionary]

“Serious sport has nothing to do with fair play. It is bound up with hatred, jealousy, boastfulness, disregard of all rules, and sadistic pleasure in violence. In other words, it is war without shooting.” – George Orwell

“Most individuals have a clear understanding of the meaning of violence. But the laws, policies and practices that are in place to protect children outside of sport are not always applied to organized SRE play.

“Within certain sports, there are a variety of definitions and situational circumstances that distort the meaning of the word, violence.

“Violence in sport can be defined as behavior that causes harm, occurs outside of the rules of the sport and is unrelated to the competitive objectives of the activity.” [2.] That is the definition by sports concerns. Violence against children is universally defined and superior to sports.

Physical and Psychological Maltreatments, Endangerments and Sexual Abuse, Rape and Human Rights violations, that cause catastrophes, are not “reasonably foreseeable dangers” because Are Not Inherent, Natural, Intrinsic to and/or an Essential Characteristic of the games that are played. [Kimberly A. Harris, Death at First Bite: 35 ARIZ. L. REV. 237, 248 (1993)]

Everyone knows SRE accidents happen, while playing by the rules of the game, in safe SRE environments, with proper athlete protection, coaching supervision and conduct.

Let’s be clear. An aggressive clean football tackle that fractures an arm is a Sports Accident and Not Preventable and Not Sports Violence. Whereas, it is Sports Violence when a Coach slugs an Athlete and breaks his jaw or a Parent slugs a Little League Umpire and breaks his jaw, a Coach sexually abuses a Child Athlete etc.

Serious Injuries and Deaths that occur during blameless circumstances are Inherent and Natural to the game that athletes play. They are called Accidental and Not-Preventable. An aggressive clean football tackle that fractures an arm is an Accident and Not Preventable.

Conversely, Preventable, Not Accidental Injuries and Deaths occur at a rate of approximately fifty per-cent. [Letter to the Editor, by Micheal B. Minix, Sr., M.D. Journal of the Kentucky Medical Association, Page 384, September 2012 / vol 110]

Physical and Psychological Maltreatments, Endangerments and Sexual Abuse and Human Rights violations, that cause these catastrophes, are not “reasonably foreseeable dangers” because Are not inherent, natural, intrinsic to and/or an essential characteristic of the games that are played. “Not Reasonably Foreseeable” [ Kimberly A. Harris, Death at First Bite: 35 ARIZ. L. REV. 237, 248 (1993) See id. at 248 n.104 stating Model Penal Code permits “consent as a defense to serious bodily injury only where such injury is a ‘reasonably foreseeable hazard’ of participation in sports or athletic contests”]

Preventable, Not Accidental Injuries and Deaths of SRE Children (<18) Athletes are secondary to severe punishments, injury mismanagements, such as concussion, over-use exercise, physical assaults and participation during severe weather conditions i.e. dangerous heat index, poor air quality and electrical storms to name a few. “Most of us seek the spectacle of the game to escape the struggles and banality (dullness) of everyday life: we want to see exceptional displays of skill, strategy, teamwork, character, and yes, aggression, but within the rules of the game, what researcher Jennings Bryant termed “sanctioned violence.” And that’s the purpose of penalties: to keep aggression in check. “The president of Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), Dana White, tells CNN: “Everyone loves a fight. It’s in our DNA … if you’re in an intersection and there’s a basketball game on one corner, a soccer game on another, a baseball game on the third, and a fight on the fourth, everyone will go watch the fight.” [The Psychology Of Violence In Sports — On The Field And In The Stands by by Leonard L. Glass MD Harvard Psychiatrist, Mar 18, 2014] “Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) can be essential components of both excellent physical and mental health. Good physical and mental health are closely associated. Clinical studies have shown that SRE are more effective than medication in treating mild to moderate depression and are remarkably more effective than the combination of medicine and exercise for both immediate recovery and wellness and reduced recurrence rates. Positive motivations and attitudes, thinking positive, "can accomplish anything," Positive Attitude result from many forms of SRE, which improve one's body, self-image, physique, body weight and beneficial in controlling and preventing depression. Excessive body weight, poor self-image and physical performance are factors in depression. Categories of Sports, Recreation and Exercise Activities where Athlete Participants, Coaches, Spectators, families and/or others can be the recipients or perpetrators of Sports Violence: • Activity Participant in: a. Recreational Activity for amusement and pleasure b. Exercise Activity for amusement and pleasure c. Recreational and/or Exercise Activity interested in physical fitness d. Recreational and/or Exercise Activity interested in a certain amount of competition; Somewhat • Serious Activity Participant e. Amateur Athlete; Serious Competitor f. Professional Athletes; Serious Paid Competitor g. Extreme Athletes, Amateur and Professional. 1. Non-Violent Extreme Sports such as high speed racing, extreme skiing, bunji jumping, parachuting 2. Violent Extreme Sports i.e. boxing, martial arts, roller derby, and pro-wrestling, both violent and sadistic in its nature. • Child and Youth Athlete Abuse Syndrome is a sub-category of Violence and Abuse directed from the Coach, Supervisor, Caretaker toward the Participant Athlete(s). a. Child and Youth Athlete Abuse Syndrome is a Short Title for a Clustering of Child (<18) or Youth (15-18) Athlete Serious Injury, Disease and/or Death secondary to: ► Physical endangerment, maltreatment and/or abuse ► Psychological (Emotional) endangerment, maltreatment and/or abuse ► Sexual Abuse ► Failed child custodial protection ► Negligent care giving supervision ► Human rights violations ► That were inflicted, caused, created, or allowed to be inflicted, caused, created, directly or indirectly by the Problematic Coach, including the Strength Training, Conditioning and other specialty Coach, Problematic Parent or other Problematic Caretaker Person who has Child and Youth Athlete custodial protection, supervision, care and control during Sports, Recreation and Exercise Participation ► Failure to report the morbidity and mortality to Authorities is Illegal. [1.] [6.] ► In most United States, Children are minors when less than 18 years of age. ► The United Nations define Youth as persons between the ages of 15-24. Let’s be clear from the beginning. Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome and Cruelty to Children in SRE is medical doctor business. They summons all doctors for awareness and prevention of Child Athlete morbidity and mortality. If “problematic coaches and parents” are the culprits, their unlawful behaviors should trigger Forensic Medicine Investigations immediately following the incidents. If problematic Doctors are culprits, they too should be investigated. • Spectator of: a. Children, Family and/or Friends’ Sports b. Amateur School/ College and Non-School Sports c. Professional or Semi-Professional Sports d. Extreme Sports • There are other sub-categories. Pro-wrestling is available on TV and in movies frequently around the world. “The audience is predominately 7-16 old male, but includes adults, seniors, and young females as well. The psychodynamics, characters and personalities of spectators watching sadistic, masochistic, violent Amateur, Professional, Semi-Professional and Extreme Sports are negatively impacted. These Sports genres conceivably contribute to mental health disorders. “Aggressive sports can lead to aggressive behaviors. One theory is that pro football game losses might have a statistical correlation with domestic or spousal abuse.” One sociological studies indicate a correlation between spousal abuse and both pro football and boxing. [Wann, D.L.] Recently, a video tape in an elevator revealed that "professional" football player struck his wife rendering her unconscious and lifeless with a concussion, no doubt. When a wife receive a Concussions after being slugged by a "professional" football player, it's time to draw a hard line across the field opposing Sports Violence. “Some violent video games might similarly contribute to unhealthy behaviors and mentally disruptive thought patterns. Video games can be factors that contribute to a child or teen's DMV-IV disorder classification. “Video games are an extension of sports and some an extension of sports violence, in that there is a similar psychological basis for the competition and action that is inherent in pro and college level sports and video games. Some of the more popular video games are sports-based, including football, basketball, baseball, soccer, car racing, etc.” “Psychologically sane Sports when enjoyed in a sensible, well-adjusted manner can have positive physical and psychological benefits. Excessive, over-indulgent, obsessive, violent, over-attachment and abnormal identification by SRE participants and spectators can result in loss of self-control, self- value and identity, and create abnormal thought patterns and mental health disorders at all age levels of human growth and development. Violent sports, convey the message of winner takes all, win at all costs, us vs. them and its survival of the fittest and anti-love and compassion. These attitudes dull qualities of benevolence and kindness and contribute to pathologic thought patterns and personality traits, which distort the mental health of both individuals and the whole of society. Violent Sports pathologically fashions Athletes thoughts, personalities and psychodynamics at every level of participation, grade school to professional, off the field as well as on the field. Life Lessons in Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) Violence and Aggression that is reinforced throughout the entire SRE life can lead to • Aggressive Personality Traits and Inner Rage • Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) • Conduct Disorder (CD) • Bipolar Disorder (BD) • SRE Participation and Spectator Violence, including Athlete Abuse, sets the tone for Teenage Dating Violence and Abuse and Domestic Violence and Abuse In contrast, Love, is the cornerstone of good mental health and happy family life. So how can Love and Respect be communicated and conveyed in today’s SRE during fierce, aggressive participation and intense viewing? The desire to participate and view aggressive SRE should be balanced with the recognition of our own identity and realization that opposing athletes are human and vulnerable. "When opposing players and spectators genuinely recognize and acknowledge one another's humanity and susceptibility during games, it marks SRE as humane competitions and that all games are actually just games and sportsmanship builds good character." "The Olympic Athletic Ideal" was the motivation behind the original Games in ancient Greece and this "ideal" inspired Coubertin to revive the Games in 1896. The "Athletic Ideal" is, above all else, the primary legacy of the Olympic games. It is an ideology and legacy unique in the history of the world." "The Ideology and the goal of the "Athletic Ideal" is 'a healthy mind and soul in a healthy body.' The ancient Greeks believed that the development of the mind, spirit, and body were linked, and that a well-educated person was instructed in all areas." "An athletic victory was considered a credit to both the athlete's physical and moral virtues. Physical training was valued for its role in the development of such qualities as endurance and patience." "The motivation was the development of a disciplined, devout, virtuous citizen of the democracy. The philosophy was that the success of self-government (democracy) depended on the moral character of the citizenry. This was a large part of the motivation for the combined athletic/moral training." "This goal demanded a holistic training of mind, body, and spirit. In ancient Greece athletics were an everyday part of all areas of life—religion, education, society, the arts, and politics. Physical disciplines wove themselves into the very fabric of society, leaving no area untouched. This phenomenon is completely unique in world history. Ancient Greece was the birthplace of this ideology, and its practice died with it." [] Conversely, the growth and development of Athletes Minds, Bodies and Souls and the concept of Student Athlete are philosophies of the past. Win-At-All-Costs, Corruption, Gambling, Doping, Money and Wealth are the forces driving Athletes and Sports today. Sports Violence is a poisonous fruit with a bitter after taste. The “Olympic Ideal” during the era of original Olympic Games in ancient Greece in today's terms is the "Holistic Athletic Experience". The “Holistic Athletic Experience” is the Athlete's Enhanced Body, Mind, Soul, Character, Productivity and Citizenship facilitated by fair Athletic Competition and Sportsmanship. The United States requires Change in our Violent Sports Culture. It’s time to: • Restore “the Holistic Athletic Experience” in Child/Youth Sports, Recreation and Exercise (SRE) • Reinstate the "Student" in "Student Athletes" in Child/Youth SRE “A student athlete (sometimes written student–athlete) is a participant in an organized competitive sport sponsored by the educational institution in which he or she is enrolled. Student athletes must typically balance the roles of being a full-time student and a full-time athlete. [Gerdy R. John. "Sports in School The Future of an Institution". Teachers College Press,2000] “Student athlete” means “an individual who engages in, is eligible to engage in, or may be eligible in the future to engage in, any intercollegiate sport. An individual who is permanently ineligible to participate in a particular intercollegiate sport is not a student athlete for purposes of that sport.” [15 USCS § 7801 (9) [Title 15. Commerce and Trade; Chapter 104. Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust] “Student Athlete - working jointly towards becoming a fully developed athlete in your sport, and at the same time working towards gaining a university degree that will literally give your life a direction away from the game.”[Sporting Futures USA] • Promote Athlete Safety 1st a. Promote the Advancement of Child and Youth Amateur Athlete Safety, Protection, Security, Supervision and Human Rights b. Promote Education and Awareness about Athlete Health-Care, Well-Being, Growth and Development c. Promote the Prevention of Diseases, Injuries, Catastrophic Injuries and Deaths and Sexual Abuse and Human Rights Disorders d. Motto: “Play with Athlete Safety 1st” • Prevent Child Athlete Abuse Syndrome. The Abused suffer and are more apt to Abuse. • Because Recovering these beliefs will prepare Child and Youth Athletes for adult and professional lives strengthened with physical and ethical fitness, enhanced morals, intense family values and excellent citizenship. References: 1. Armstrong, C., (Fall, 2010). Athletes and Mental Illness - Major League Baseball Steps Up to the Plate. NAMI Advocate - National Alliance on Mental Illness 2. Baseball Suicides, (2010). The Baseball Almanac. b 2. Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders, Squad. (2007) Dallas Cowboy's Cheerleaders Off site link. 3. Ismat, Abdal-Haqq, (1989) Violence in Sports ERIC Digest 1-89. 4. Kohler, P. (July 13, 2007). What is Superstition. What Is Superstition? Off-site link www.about.comOff-site link 5. Nigg, J. (2006). What Causes ADHD. New York: Guilford Press. 6. Rees, I., Schnepel, K., (January 2008). College Football Games and Crime Working Paper Series. 08-01. University of Colorado, Department of Economics. Off site link. 7. Schwartz, A., (January 18, 2007). New York Times. Expert Ties Ex-Players Suicide to Brain Damage. Off-site link 8. Stadler, M. (2007). The Psychology of Baseball, Inside the Mental Game of the Major League Player. 9. Wann, D. L., Melnick, M. J., Russell, G. W., Pease, Dale, G. (2001). Sports Fans- The Psychology and Social Impact of Spectators. New York: Routledge. [Sports and Psychology Sport Psychology: Concepts and Applications, by Richard Cox] [The Psychology Of Violence In Sports — On The Field And In The Stands by by Leonard L. Glass MD Harvard Psychiatrist, Mar 18, 2014]

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